Roman Polański


October 25, 2021

Roman Polański (Paris, August 18, 1933 -) Oscar-winning Polish-French actor, film and theater director, screenwriter.


Ryszard Polański (originally known as Ryszard Liebling) was born in Paris as the child of Jewish father and Bula Polańska (born Katz) - a maternal Roman Catholic and a paternal Jewish mother - was born in Paris, his original name was Rajmund Liebling. In 1937, the family moved back to Poland, where, like other Polish Jews, they were captured by the Nazis. His mother died in a concentration camp, Polański himself escaped from the Krakow ghetto and hid with Poles. First with their former caretaker, later - when hiding in Krakow became very dangerous - with a Polish peasant family. These memories are also reflected in his film The Pianist (2002). After the war, Polański became a radio actor at the age of 12 and played in theater from the age of 14. He soon became a nationally renowned personality. At the age of 21, he received his first major film role in Andrzej Wajda’s film Our Generation, and in the same year he was admitted to the Łódź Film College, where he graduated in 1959. In 1959 she accompanied her then wife, the famous actress Barbara Kwiatkowska, to Paris. There he made his first foreign short feature film, The Fat and the Skinny. In 1961, he directed his first full-length feature film, The Knife in the Water. Polish work and criticism did not welcome this work. The Knife in the Water won the Polish Film Readers ’Award - Best Polish Film in 1962 - and foreign journalists also praised it, and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film (but Fellini preceded it), and the Venice He received the Film Critics Award at a film festival. This opened up international career opportunities for Polanski, with his first English-language film (The Terrible starring Catherine Deneuve) immediately winning the Silver Bear Award at the Berlin International Film Festival. Polański moved to Paris. He went to London in 1965 and then flew to Hollywood in 1968 to direct the film Rosemary’s Child. In 2003, for his film The Pianist, he received a statuette for Best Director at the 75th Oscar Gala, which, however, he was unable to pick up in person because of the arrest warrant against him to date. He is credited with the thirteenth filming of the popular Dickens novel Twist Oliver. For the political thriller Ghostwriter, he received the Silver Bear Award for Best Director in Berlinale in 2010, followed by the European Film Academy Award for Best Director. In 2011, he shot a parade-based comedy based on a play by French writer Yasmina Reza, The God of Killing. His first French-language film was released in 2013: his wife starred in the adaptation of the novel The Furry Venus by the Austrian writer Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, who gave the masochism, and Polanski again won the César Award for Best Director. He has received the Oscar-winning French equivalent five times as a director (1980, 2003, 2011, 2014, 2020) and three times as a screenwriter (2011, 2012, 2020). In 2018, she was asked to lead the awards gala, but due to protests from feminist organizations, the director did not commit to it. His thriller, based on the novel by writer Delphine de Vigan, entitled True Story, also shared audiences and criticism. At the 2020 César Gala, his film Officer and Spy - The Dreyfus Case won awards for Best Director, Best Adaptation and Best Costume from 12 nominations.

Private life

First half

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