Péter Schmidt (lawyer)


May 21, 2022

Péter Schmidt (Mezőberény, December 27, 1926 - May 12, 2022) is a Hungarian lawyer, political scientist, jurist, professor at the Faculty of Law of the Eötvös Loránd University from 1980 to 1983, and a member of the Constitutional Court from 1990 to 1996.


Péter Schmidt was born in 1926 in Mezőberény, Békés County, to a family of German descent. His parents were Péter Schmidt and Magdolna Wagner. He completed his elementary school studies in Mezőberény and Békés, and his secondary school studies at the Commercial Secondary School in Békéscsaba. Between 1946 and 1947 he was a folk college student, graduated in 1947 and enrolled in the administrative department of the József Nádor University of Technology and Economics. From September 1948 he was a student of the Faculty of Law of Eötvös Loránd University, where he was a demonstrator of the Department of Constitutional Law headed by János Beér. He graduated in law in 1951 and became a postgraduate student at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and then an assistant professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Pécs. From October 1959 he taught part-time at the Faculty of Law of the Eötvös Loránd University, and in 1967 he was appointed a full-time associate professor. Between 1971 and 1980, in addition to his university teaching career, he worked part-time at the Institute of Social Sciences. He dealt primarily with the theory of civil rights and the constitutional problems of suffrage. In 1980 he became the dean of the Faculty of Law of Eötvös Loránd University, and he held the position until 1983. He was elected a member of the Constitutional Court by the National Assembly in 1990, and was a member of the panel from July 2, 1990 to December 27, 1996, when he married Julis Margit. They had two children, Péter (1953) and Zsuzsanna (1957).

Awards, recognitions

Academic Award 1st Degree (1967) Excellent Instructor of the Faculty (ELTE ÁJK, 1976) Silver Microphone Award (1981) Eötvös Loránd University Gold Medal (1984) Gold Degree of Order of Merit (1986) István Bibó Award (1994) Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary Middle Cross with the Star (1996) Honorary Citizen of Mezőberény (2014)

His works

Decentralization and centralism (1959) Civil Liberties (1965) Hungarian Constitutional Law I. (1973) Collection of State Laws (1975) Sources of Bureaucracy in Public Administration (1979) Socialism and Statehood (1984) The state form of the republic in today's Hungary (1990) Constitutional Judiciary and Power Sharing (1996) In the throes of political transformation; End of the century, Bp., 2008



Data in the catalog of the Petőfi Literary Museum Festive volume in honor of the 80th birthday of Professor Péter Schmidt; ed. Klára Fürész, István Kukorelli; Rejtjel, Bp., 2006