Battle of Salamis
November 27, 2021
The Battle of Salamis between the Greek and Persian Navies i. e. There was a naval battle in 480, in the Strait of Salamis, which was already the third and decisive major Greek-Persian battle after the Battle of Marathon and Thermopyla.
The Battle of Salamis was of great strategic importance, as the Persians could have come very close to capturing the coveted Athens if they had won, and the success of the Greeks would have been a great blow to the conquering Persian Empire. It is not surprising, then, that Xerxes, the Persian king, did not entrust the battle to chance: with an army of 150,000 and a huge fleet, he was given the task. However, after the Battle of Marathon, the Greeks knew what their opponent’s weak point was, so they had time to prepare and build a serious navy.
The ships of the Greeks were much smaller and faster, with three rows of rowing and a stern, while the twice-surpassing Persian ships were large and sluggish. The Greeks knew this too, so their only chance of victory was to lure the Persians into the narrow Salamis Strait. The Persians made a huge mistake by taking up the fight: if they were stationed there alone and engaged in the Greek army with their presence, a small part of them could have landed in the Peloponnese, which was the real purpose of the Persian campaign. In contrast, they attacked the Greeks, which ended catastrophically.
The formation of Persian-Greek contradictions
In the BC. VI. from the middle of the twentieth century, fear of the Persians settled into the lives of the Greeks. During the reign of Cyrus, the founder of the Persian Empire, the Persians ravaged Assyria and Babylon and eventually marched with their troops to Ionia (at this time the Ionian Greeks lived here, an area on the west coast of present-day Turkey). It was here that the city of Lydia, under the leadership of Crosis, fell. In 546, and later courtesy of Cyrus, the other ionic, coastal city-states also came under Persian rule. Until the death of Cyrus, he extended and strengthened his power over the whole of Asia Minor, his son Cambodia annexed Egypt to his empire, and after eight years of rule i. e. He died in 521. Then Darius ascended the throne, pushing the boundaries of his empire all the way to the valley of the Indus. The distant provinces were connected by 2,500 km of roads from the Sardis, from the Persian Gulf to Susa. Darius' attention BC. In 512 he turned to Europe. During the campaign against the Scythian tribes, it also succeeded in occupying Thrace, and then in AD. He also found reason to attack Hellas in 499, when the Greek city-states revolted. After the uprising was suppressed, all of Greece lay at the feet of Darius. BC In 492, Darius ’son-in-law, Mardonius, set out to conquer the northern parts of the peninsula, but retreated when he lost hundreds of his ships in a lightning strike. Two years later, the Persians occupied the northern islands of the Aegean, but at Marathon, the Greek army inflicted a decisive defeat on their army of 25,000. The conquering Persian king - after his death - AD. In 486 he was succeeded on the throne by his son, Xerxes, who crossed the Helles Point with his gigantic army gathered from the entire Persian Empire. The fact that the Greeks were not united played a role in launching the campaign, as the aristocracy of Boiotia and Thessaly was in favor of the Persians. According to the historian Herodotus, the Persian army consisted of 150,000 infantry, 80,000 cavalry, including 3,000 passenger ships and 1,200 warships, most of which were approx. It was 35-40 meters long, a narrow Trier. This great army clashed with Salamis and Plataea