St. Servatius

Article

May 21, 2022

Saint Servatius? He later moved to the city of Maastricht (Roman name Mosae Trajectum) and became bishop of the diocese there. He played a significant role in the spread of Christianity in the Netherlands. In Maastricht, he built the Church of Our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk) on the site of the former Roman Fortuna and Jupiter Church, which is still one of the city's religious centers. He was one of the major ecclesiastical personalities of the Servácius age, traveling extensively and attending numerous synods and church meetings. A committed persecutor of heretics, especially Arianism, died in 384 in Maastricht. Servácius, the patron saint of Maastricht and Grimbergen, is celebrated on 13 May, a day dedicated to the memory of farmers due to the late frosts that often occur at this time (see Servác and the Frozen Saints).

Life

No records have been made of his birth or upbringing. In 343 he presumably was present at the Synod of Sardicia (today Sofia), where he represented the views of the doctrine of the Trinity supported by the emperors of Western Rome. Since the bishops of the Eastern Roman Empire were the ruler, II. They represented the orthodox views of Theodosius, so the deliberation was unsuccessful. When Bishop Athanasius was forced into exile in the city of Trier, he met Servatius and acted together against the Arian bishops and priests in the area. At that time the bishop of Cologne was accused of heresy and confessed against Servatius: "Our dioceses are adjacent to each other" and "the bishop of Cologne denied the divinity of Jesus Christ. This was done in the presence of the bishop of Alexandria, Athanasius." As this suggests that Servácius was already in charge of the diocese of Tongerló at this time, the founding of the diocese is traditionally set at 344-45. After the 350 assassination of Constantine the youngest son of Constantine the West, 350, he proclaimed himself emperor Flavius ​​Magnus Magnentius and sent Servatius to negotiate with the Eastern Roman ruler, Constans' brother, II. With Emperor Constantius. Servatus was commissioned to try to establish Constants as a cruel tyrant who did not deserve the throne. Magnentius wanted Constantius to recognize him as co-ruler (Augustus) and although Servácius' mission was unsuccessful (Constantius marched against Magnentius and defeated him in 353), the very fact of the commission testifies to the prestige of the East and West. In the realm. Servácius again attended the Council of Rimini in 359 and, according to the account of Sulpicius Severus, spoke with extraordinary eloquence against Arianism and supported the creed previously adopted at the Council of Nicosia. Although Servatius signed the declaration concluding the synod, he soon withdrew his support after Pope Liberia refused to consecrate the document.

Legend

There were many legends intertwined around the life and death of the historical person. According to his medieval biography, Servatius was of Armenian descent and was related to St. John the Baptist and Jesus through his mother, Memelia. A late Gothic-style wooden statue from the middle of the 15th century [1] depicting standing Memelia with the baby Servatius (who already wears the characteristic cap of the bishops at this time) is so similar to contemporary depictions of the Madonna that it has been mistaken for quite some time. .According to legend, in his youth he became a priest of Servatius and a guardian of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. There is a vision of the