Soviet Union

Article

January 27, 2022

Association of the Soviet Socialist Republics, in short Soviet Union or USSR was a communist state in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. It was one of the largest countries in human history. The capital and economic, transport, educational and political center of the country was Moscow. Russia has often been inaccurately called after the Russian people and the largest member of the empire, the Russian people with the primary political and economic power of the empire. From 1945 until its disintegration in 1991, it was a superpower along with the United States. The Soviet Union became the primary model for the socialist states of the world; the government and political organizations were ruled by a single party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was a founding member of the Warsaw Pact, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA).

Location, boundaries

With an area of ​​22,402,200 km², it was the largest country in the world and was later maintained by Russia. It covered one-sixth of the land area of ​​the Earth and was roughly the same size as the entire North American continent. The European part covered a quarter of the country's territory, and a significant portion of Soviet culture and economy was concentrated here. The eastern, larger half of the country geographically belonged to Asia and farthest east to the Pacific Ocean and south to Afghanistan. With the exception of a few Central Asian regions, the country was relatively sparsely populated. In the east-west direction, it was affected by 11 time zones for more than 10,000 kilometers, with a maximum extent of 7,200 km in the north-south direction. The Soviet Union had the longest border in the world, more than 60,000 kilometers long, roughly two-thirds of which was the coast. On the mainland it was bordered by 12 countries, including Finland, Norway, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It was separated from the United States by the Bering Strait. Its highest point, at an altitude of 7,495 meters, was the Peak of Communism (Nowadays: Ismoil Somoni Peak), which is located in Tajikistan. The Soviet Union also had the largest lakes in the world. The Caspian Sea (shared with Iran) and Lake Baikal, the deepest freshwater lake in the world.

History

The Soviet Union is traditionally considered the successor to the Russian Empire. The last Russian tsar, II. Miklós ruled until March 1917, and the following year he was executed with his family. The Soviet Union was founded in December 1922 as a union of the Russian SSR, the Belarusian SSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Transcaucasian USSR under the rule of the Bolshevik parties. Weimar Germany concluded the Rapallo Agreement with the new country on April 16, 1922, in which they waived their claims for war reparations and agreed to re-establish diplomatic and trade relations. Britain, Italy, Austria and France recognized the union in 1924. Hungary also concluded agreements that year, but these were not ratified, presumably due to the Conservatives who came to power in the British elections in October. The second wave of recognition continued in 1934: Hungary (February 4), Romania, Czechoslovakia

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