July 5, 2022

Technology (Greek: τεχνολογια < τεχνη "craft" + λογος "doctrine" + suffix ια) is a summary of knowledge about man-made expedient devices that increase individual (human) capabilities (for example, machines, materials and procedures) and their application. names, with the help of which humanity can learn more and more, change, preserve, etc. from the world around him. The technological tools themselves, which help people solve problems in various areas of life, are called tools at a simple level, and techniques at a more advanced level. Technology is knowledge or expertise that is based on the results of engineering science and embodies it, but due to inconsistencies in the use of language, the name of individual fields of expertise is often technique and not technology (for example, military technology, film technology, sound technology, space technology, dental technology, etc.). A technique is one whose solutions are sufficiently complex, precise or "technical", individual and/or resource-intensive to be separated from the person or device that operates or uses it. (If we do not separate it from the human body, then it is called body technique, the main "artistic" production of which is performance. L. The technical character is given by measurement and the use of dimensional data, as opposed to "artistic" solutions that lack this, i.e. informal, dimensionless solutions. Measurement is closely related to the activity, as the word engineer shows, while in English the solution to the production of the machine (engine) was the integrative identifier of the field of knowledge, hence engineering, mechanical engineering, and all "technical, measurement-based technological interventions, mostly standard, standardized , i.e. a production that can be repeated, connected with others and imitated. The most important part of technology as a knowledge or knowledge base is know-how, i.e. simply the description of the knowledge that usually provides a new or innovative solution to some technical problem, therefore they represent a significant material value and can be bought and sold as goods. Know-how is therefore a critical asset of a business, a money-making activity, an intellectual, non-tangible (intangible) asset, a property-valued right, the protection of which has a serious interest for the right holder. Hence the confidential, protected nature of technological knowledge and information, in contrast to other technical sciences (e.g. mechanics, thermomechanics, etc.) that are generally known or considered generic.

General description of material technologies

The concept of technology in everyday life is related to production and preparation. The situation is well illustrated by the fact that if someone likes a cake, they ask for the recipe. The recipe also includes the order of things to be done and the necessary materials. Technology is therefore the order of preparation. Even in a more complex process, the sequence of steps and operations makes the description of the technology transparent. All technologies require: (1) material to be transformed, (2) transformation tools and (3) the energy and information needs of the transformation. In the case of traditional material technologies (baking bread, sewing clothes), people connected the devices by using them one after the other, and people were also the source of energy and information. Therefore, in a simple technology description, the main characters are the material, the tools, and the type of operation (for example, grinding). For such a description of the technology, one of the basic principles from physics can be used: the principle of describing movement on a forced path. In this formulation, the main actor of the technological process is the material. This mode also applies to a series of operations in an industrial plant