tennis

Article

July 5, 2022

Tennis is a ball game played with a racket and can be played singles or doubles. The goal of the game is to keep the ball on the field, preferably in such a way that the opponent is unable to do so. In tennis, you have to win games (in English game) and sets (sets in English). The player or pair that wins a predetermined number of sets wins the match. The ancestor of tennis is a ball game of French origin, the jeu de paume became popular in England, and the rules of the game that is still played today were developed there. The first tennis tournament was also held there in 1876. Since 1877, the Wimbledon tournament, which is still one of the strongest, has been organized continuously. The predecessor of today's US Open was organized in America in 1881, the predecessor of today's Roland Garros in Paris in 1891, and the predecessor of today's Australian Open in Australia in 1905. Even today, these four tournaments are the most prestigious and are collectively called the Grand Slam. Winning any single Grand Slam tournament is an outstanding achievement, and winning all four majors within a calendar year is the greatest honor. Until 2017, only five competitors managed this. Only 12 other players in the history of tennis can say that they managed to win all four tournaments at least once during their career. The organizations established to represent the interests of professional tennis players - ATP for men and WTA for women - organize tournaments separately leaderboard points are kept. The international organization of tennis, the International Tennis Federation (ITF), founded in 1913, has 210 national associations. The ITF organizes cross-country team competitions: the Davis Cup for men, the Fed Cup for women, and the Hopman Cup for mixed teams, and oversees the Grand Slam tournaments. In addition to the ATP and WTA tournaments with higher prizes, it organizes tournaments for those with lower rankings and for young people. The ITF organizes competitions for various age groups of under-18s, as well as for seniors and wheelchair competitors. Tennis was part of the Summer Olympics between 1896 and 1924, and again from 1988. After its establishment, tennis was for a long time the sport of the aristocracy and the wealthier classes. Today, it has become a popular sport and leisure activity, the number of amateurs has increased, and it can be practiced by all ages and social strata. The problem is primarily the limited number of tracks, and of course this also increases the costs, because the equipment itself is not particularly expensive anyway.

History of Tennis

Word origin

In the Middle Ages, when the French played the game of racket ball (often still with bare hands or leather gloves), the server often called out to himself when he hit the ball to his opponent: Tenez! ('catch!'). The imperative form of the verb tenir was pronounced as 'tenéc' in contemporary French. Later, when the English took over the game and its terminology, the word was heard as 'tennis'. This is where tennis comes from, the word tennis in Hungarian.

History and creation of the game

Tennis is a French version of the game with racket ball (jeu de paume) developed by the English. After the Battle of Agincourt (1415), Prince Charles d'Orléans was captured by the English. He was held at Wingfield in Norfolk for two decades. During this time the prisoner introduced the game of racket ball to England, which he himself played almost every day. The predecessor of modern tennis, which was played indoors by the aristocracy, was called "real tennis" in Anglo-Saxon culture and "royal tennis" in England, and was already played by medieval kings (such as Henry V, Henry VIII). , hence the “who