VII.

Article

August 13, 2022

Károly Albert of Bavaria (German: Karl Albrecht von Bayern, Czech: Karel Albrecht Bavorský; Brussels, August 6, 1697 – Munich, January 20, 1745), from the House of Wittelsbach, II. The Bavarian prince was born as the third child of the Bavarian Elector Miksa Emánuel and the Polish princess Terézia Kinga Sobieska. under the name Károly, and from 1742 German-Roman Emperor VII. under the name Károly.

His life

His parentage, siblings

Prince Charles Albert was born in Brussels in 1697. His father II. Miksa Emánuel was a Bavarian elector (1662–1726), an imperial field marshal, and a successful general, who in 1683 took part in the liberation of Vienna, which was besieged by the Turks, and later led campaigns against the Turks in Hungary as commander-in-chief. In 1688, the imperialists occupied Nándorfehérvár under his leadership. Between 1692 and 1706 he was the Imperial Governor of the Spanish Netherlands. His mother was the Polish royal princess Terézia Kinga (1676–1730), the second wife of Miksa Emánuel, III. (Sobieski) daughter of Polish King János and Queen Maria Casimira (born Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien, French Countess). They had ten children, six of whom reached adulthood: A Stillborn Boy (1695). Princess Maria Anna Karoline (1696–1750), who entered the convent of the Poor Clares in Munich in 1720 as Therese Emanuele de corde Jesu. Prince Károly Albert (1697–1745), German-Roman Emperor from 1742. Prince Mária Fülöp Móric (1698–1719), posthumously appointed bishop of Paderborn and Münster (the news of his death has not yet been revealed). Ferdinand Mária Ince (1699–1738) was an imperial field marshal. Prince August Klemen (1700–1761), Duke-Archbishop and Elector of Cologne, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, Duke-Archbishop of Hildesheim, Münster, Paderborn and Osnabrück. Prince William (1701–1704), died as an infant. Prince Alajos János Adolf (1702–1705), died as a small child. Prince János Tivadar (1703–1763), Cardinal, Duke-Archbishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège (Lüttich). Prince Tamás Miksa Emánuel (1704–1709), died as a small child. From his father's first marriage, which he concluded with the Austrian Archduchess Mária Antonia (1669–1692), the daughter of the German-Roman Emperor Lipót I and the Spanish Infanta Margaret Theresia, Albert Károly had a half-brother, József Prince Ferdinand Lipót (1692–1699), Duke of Asturias.

His youth

Albert Károly's father, the Elector, lived in Brussels as the Imperial Governor of the Spanish Low Countries between 1692 and 1706, and his first children were also born here. Miksa Emánuel applied for the Spanish throne. The last Spanish Habsburg, the childless II. King Charles of Spain made Miksa Emánuel's eldest son, József Ferdinand, his general heir. His sudden death in 1699, when he was only seven years old (which, according to the French court, was caused by poison sent from Vienna) spelled disaster for the Wittelsbachs' great power plans. In 1701, Miksa Emánuel returned from Brussels to Munich with his entire family and his regent's court and entered the War of the Spanish Succession on the side of France. The Bavarian army fought against the Anglo-Dutch-Austrian alliance for the Spanish heritage. In the meantime, Miksa Emánuel remained the Habsburg governor of the Spanish Low Countries. In 1704, in the second battle of Höchstädt, Miksa Emanuel's army suffered a heavy defeat from his former Hungarian comrade, Prince Jenő of Savoy. Bavaria was occupied by the troops of Miksa Emánuel's father-in-law, Emperor Lipót I, for ten years. The Elector fled to Brussels with his troops and his younger brother, Prince József Kelemen, Duke-Archbishop of Cologne.