October 13

Article

October 28, 2021

October 13 is the 286th day (287th day in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar.

Events

1923 - Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey. 1943 – World War II: Italy's new government sided with the Allies and declared war on Germany. 1944 – World War II: The Latvian capital, Riga, is taken over by the Red Army. 1946 - France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic. 1773 - The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier. 1977 - Four Palestinians hijack a Lufthansa flight and demand the release of members of the Red Army Faction. 2011 - The crash of a passenger plane in Papua New Guinea, leaves 28 people dead.

Birth

709 - Emperor Kōnin of Japan (d. 781) 1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician (d. 1902) 1911 - Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (d. 2001) 1921 - Yves Montand, Italian singer and actor (d. 1991) 1925 – Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1931 – Raymond Kopa, French footballer 1934 - Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician 1941 – Paul Simon, American singer and musician (Simon & Garfunkel) 1945 – Dési Bouterse, former President of Suriname 1947 - Putera Sampoerna, Indonesian businessman 1948 - Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani singer and musician (d. 1997) 1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, former Israeli nuclear technician 1964 - Nie Haisheng, Chinese astronaut 1968 - Carlos Marín, member of Il Divo 1971 - Sacha Baron Cohen, British comedian 1977 - Paul Pierce, United States basketball player 1979 - Wes Brown, English footballer 1982 - Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer 1986 – Gabriel Agbonlahor, English footballer 1987 - Yudistira Ardhana, Indonesian magician and YouTuber 1993 - Francesca Sofia Novello, Italian model boyfriend of Valentino Rossi 1995 - Jimin, member of the South Korean music group BTS 2001 - Dimas Gabra, member of the music group New Super7

Died

54 - Claudius, Roman Emperor (b. 10 BC) 1715 – Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638) 1812 - Sir Isaac Brock, British general (died in battle) (b. 1769) 1815 – Joachim Murat, marshal of Napoleon and King of Naples and Sicily (b. 1767) 1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857) 1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate entrepreneur and philanthropist (b. 1857) 1973 - Albert Mandler, general of Israel, (b. 1929) 1987 – Walter Brattain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902) 1990 - Lê c Thọ, Vietnamese general and politician, Nobel laureate (b. 1911) 2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918) 2016 - Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand since 1946 (b. 1927)

Holidays and anniversaries

1989 - Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW 1410 Hijri. 2007 - Eid Al-Fitr 1428 Hijri. International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction World No Bra Day 12 October - 13 October - 14 October

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