October 14 is the 287th day (288th day of a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar.
1582 - Due to the observance of the Gregorian calendar, this day of the year becomes absent in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1913 – The Senghenydd Colliery disaster, Britain's worst coal mining accident occurs, and claims the lives of 439 miners.
1933 - Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations.
1949 – Chinese Civil War: Chinese Communist forces occupy the city of Guangzhou (Canton), in Guangdong, China.
1952 – Korean War: United Nations and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against the Chinese stronghold in the Iron Triangle which becomes the Battle of Triangle Hill, the largest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: U-2 Reconnaissance Planes and pilots from the US Air Force fly over the island of Cuba and take photos of Soviet Union missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads being installed and erected in Cuba.
1968 - The first television broadcast from space is delivered from the Apollo 7 manned aircraft.
1973 - In the Thammasat student uprising in Thailand, as many as 100,000 people protest against the military rule of Thanom Kittikachorn; 77 killed and 857 injured by Royal Thai soldiers.
1981 - Hosni Mubarak is sworn in as President of Egypt, a week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
2016 - The night of the 2016 Panasonic Gobel Awards, held at the XXI Djakarta Theater, Jakarta.
1606 - Joan Maetsuycker, head of the VOC in Batavia between 1653 - 1678. (d. 1678)
1644 – William Penn, founder of the state of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
1853 - Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer (d. 1883)
1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, United States general and 34th U.S. President (d. 1969)
1893 - Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
1906 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and writer (d. 1975)
1911 - Lê ?c Th?, Vietnamese general and politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1990)
1921 - Hoegeng Imam Santoso, former National Police Chief (d. 2004)
1927 - Roger Moore, English actor
1928 - KS Tubun, Indonesian national hero (d. 1965)
1930 - Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
1940 - Cliff Richard, English singer
1949 – Fraser Anning, Australian senator
1965 - Steve Coogan, British actor
1970 - Pär Zetterberg, Swedish footballer
1975 - Floyd Landis, American cyclist
1980 - Paul Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
1983 - Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
1985 - Digão, Brazilian footballer
1988 - Max Thieriot, American actor
1989 - Mia Wasikowska, Australian actress
2002 - Megan Domani, Indonesian actress
1066 - King Harold II of England, killed at the battle of Hastings (b. 1022)
1944 - Erwin Rommel, commander of the German troops (b. 1891)
1959 - Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)
1977 - Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1993)
1984 – Martin Ryle, British radio astronomer, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer, conductor, pianist (b. 1918)
2010 - Hendro Subroto, TVRI famous war journalist from Indonesia.
Holidays and anniversaries
1979 - The comic strip "Panji Koming" was first published in the "Kompas" newspaper.
2015 - Hijri New Year 1437.13 October - 14 October - 15 October