1945

Article

July 5, 2022

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and 6th in the 1940s. The 1945 denomination for the year has been in use since the early Medieval period, when the Anno Domini (A.D.) calendar era became the common method in Europe for naming years.

Events

February

The Jakarta Charter was formulated by the Committee of Nine in Jakarta February 4 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Yalta Conference. February 4 - Yalta Conference

March

March 10 - Tokyo Bombing March 22 - The Arab League is formed in Cairo through the signing of an agreement between Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Saudi Arabia. PTMRI (Oil Mining Company of the Republic of Indonesia) was formed as a follow-up to Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution PTMN (State Oil Mining Company) in Cepu was formed

April

April 6 - Kamikaze Action April 9 - Allies Occupy Italy April 13 - The Allies occupy Austria. April 30 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.

May

May 4 – The German National-Socialist Labor Party, or Nazi Party, is dissolved. May 5 - Muhammad Yamin delivered a speech on the Five Fundamentals of the State May 8 - Victory Day in Europe. May 25 - Heinrich Himmler commits suicide.

June

June 1 - Bung Karno delivered his speech containing the proposed conception of the basic philosophy of the state which was named Pancasila which contained Indonesian Nationality or Nationalism Humanity or Internationalism Consensus or Democracy Social welfare Belief in the one and only God. June 22 was born from the formulation of the Investigative Agency for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence, called the Jakarta Charter, which contained the five basic formulations originally taken from the speeches of Muhammad Yamin on May 5, 1945, Bung Karno on June 1, 1945 and other speeches in the Committee of Nine. 26 June - United Nations Charter July July 16 - As First Atomic Bomb Test July 21 - Geneva Conference

August

August 6 - Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima August 9 - the city of Nagasaki, Japan, is destroyed by an atomic bomb dropped by a United States plane. August 14 - Japan surrenders unconditionally to the Allies August 17 - Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in Jakarta Soekarno became the First President of the Republic of Indonesia and Mohammad Hatta became the First Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia August 18 - The First Presidential Cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia is formed

September

September 11 - Radio Republik Indonesia was founded. September 17 - Indonesian Red Cross founded

November

November 7 - Indonesian Muslim Syuro Council (MASYUMI) was established in Yogyakarta 10 November - Resistance against England - Allies and NICA in Surabaya, which is commemorated as Hero's Day

December

December 9 - The battle between Indonesian fighters against the Allies in Bojong Kokosan, Sukabumi, killed dozens of Allied soldiers. This date was later designated as Juang Siliwangi Day.

Birth

January 10 - Rod Stewart, British musician February 6 - Bob Marley, Jamaican reggae musician March 30 – Eric Clapton, British rock guitarist April 24 - Tarzan, Indonesian comedian. May 9 – Jupp Heynckes, German football coach May 14 - Yochanan Vollach, Israeli soccer player June 19 – Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate August 17 - Rudie Lubbers, Dutch boxer August 19 – Ian Gillan, British Rock Singer (Deep Purple) September 11 – Franz Beckenbauer, former German footballer November 3 – Gerd Muller, former German footballer November 15 – Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian rock singer (ABBA

Death

February - Anne Frank, German teenage writer / One of the victims of the holocaust April 12 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt, president of the United States (b. 1882) April 28 - Benito Mussolini, leader