Religion

Article

July 6, 2022

Religion is a system that regulates belief and worship of God (or the like) as well as rules related to culture, and a worldview that connects humans with the order of life. Many religions have mythologies, symbols, and sacred histories intended to explain the meaning of life and the origin of life or the universe. From their beliefs about the cosmos and human nature, people derive a preferred morality, ethics, religious law, or lifestyle. According to some estimates, there are about 4,200 religions in the world. Many religions may have organized behavior, clergy, defined what constitutes obedience or membership, holy places, and scriptures. Religious practices may also include rituals, sermons, memorials or worship of gods, gods or goddesses, sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trances, initiations, burials, weddings, meditation, prayer, music, art, dance, or other aspects of human culture. . Religion may also contain mythology. The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with faith, belief system, or sometimes set of duties. However, according to the sociologist mile Durkheim, religion differs from personal belief in that it is "something socially real." mile Durkheim also said that religion is a unified system consisting of beliefs and practices related to sacred things. A 2012 global poll reported that 59% of the world's population self-identifies as religious, and 36% are non-religious, including 13% who are atheists, with a 9% decrease in religious belief from 2005. On average, women are more religious than men man. Some people follow several religions or several religious principles at the same time, regardless of whether or not their religious principles follow traditional ways that allow for an element of syncretism.

Etymology

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, religion is a regulator (system) that regulates the system of faith (belief) and belief and devotion to the Almighty Creator as well as the rules relating to the association of humans and humans and their environment. The word "religion" comes from the Sanskrit language, āgama (आगम) which means "Way of Life". Another word to express this concept is religion which comes from the Latin religio and is rooted in the verb re-ligare which means "to tie back". That is, with religion, a person binds himself to God. According to the philologist Max Müller, the root of the English word "religion", which in Latin religio, was originally used to mean simply "fear of God or gods, careful contemplation of divine things, piety" (later Cicero downgrading to mean "endurance"). Max Müller marks many other cultures around the world, including Egypt, Persia, and India, as sharing the same power structure at this point in history. What are ancient religions called today, they would simply be referred to as "laws". Many languages ​​have words that can be translated as "religion", but they may use them in very different ways, and some do not have the words to express religion alike. very. For example, the Sanskrit word dharma, sometimes translated as "religion", also means law. Throughout classical South Asia, the study of law consisted of concepts such as penance through piety and rites as well as practical traditions. Japan originally had a similar union between "imperial law" and universal or "Buddhist law", but this later became an independent source of power. There is no equivalent and proper word for "religion" in Hebrew, and Judaism does not distinguish clearly between national religious, racial, or ethnic identity. One of the central concepts is "halakha", sometimes translated s