United States of America

Article

October 28, 2021

The United States of America, abbreviated as AS (English: United States of America/USA abbreviated United States/US, literally: "United States of America"), or generally known as America alone, is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district. The country is located in central North America, which is home to forty-eight contiguous states, along with the capital district of Washington, D.C. The United States is flanked by the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to the west and east, bordered by Canada to the north. , and Mexico to the south. The other two states, Alaska and Hawaii, are separated from the mainland United States. The state of Alaska is located on the northwestern tip of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and Russia to the west, which are separated by the Bering Strait. While the state of Hawaii is an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean. The United States also has several territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean. With an area of ​​3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and a population of 315 million, the United States is the third or fourth largest country in the world, and the third largest by population. The United States of America is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises as a result of massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States is also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species. The Indians began migrating from Asia to what is now the United States about 15,000 years ago. After 1500 AD, the arrival of Europeans and the plague slowly began to reduce their population. European Migration and Colonization began around 1600, mainly from England. The United States of America was formed from the Thirteen British Colonies stretching along the Atlantic coast, which developed its own democratic economic and political system apart from Britain. Disputes between Britain and the American colonists led to the outbreak of the American Revolution. On July 4, 1776, unanimously, delegates from the 13 British colonies proclaimed independence, which became the founding of the United States of America. This new nation succeeded in defeating England in the Revolutionary War. This war was the first war of independence that succeeded in defeating the European empire. The current constitution was first formulated on 17 September 1787; several amendments were made at a later date, modifying the articles, but still not changing the content of the original text. The first ten amendments, collectively known as the Bill of Rights, were passed in 1791 and provide for guarantees of basic civil rights and liberties. Driven by the doctrine of "Manifest Destiny", throughout the 19th century, the United States began a massive expansion into the rest of North America, removing the natives, occupying and buying new territories, and gradually making them into new states. The Civil War that erupted in 1861 – 1865 ended slavery in the United States. At the end of the 19th century, the national economy of the United States was the most advanced economy in the world. Its victories in the Spanish-American War and World War I further emphasized the status of the United States as a world military power. After World War II, the United States emerged as the new superpower in the world, became the first country to develop nuclear weapons, and became a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union made the United States the only superpower in the world. The United States is classified as a post-industrial developed country, and is a country with the most advanced economy in the world, with a p

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