August 12, 2022

Anatolia (Greek: Anatolē or Asia Minor, "rising of the Sun" or "East"; comparison of "East Asia" and "Levant", by the common Turkish etymology Anadolu of ana "mother" and dolu "content"), also referred to as Latin name Asia Minor, is an area in Southwest Asia which can now be equated with the Asian part of the modern state of Turkey.


Due to its strategic location at the confluence of Asia and Europe, Anatolia has been the cradle of several civilizations since prehistoric centuries, with neolithic settlements such as Catalhöyük (pottery neolithic), Cayönü (Pre-Pottery Neolithic A to neolithic pottery), Nevali Cori (Neolithic Pre-Pottery B), Hacilar (Pottery Neolithic), Göbekli Tepe (Pre-Pottery Neolithic A) and Mersin. The Trojan settlements began in the Neolithic period but continued into the Iron Age.


The major civilizations and peoples that have lived in or conquered Anatolia include the Hattia, Luvians, Hittites, Phrygians, Simerians, Lydians, Persians, Celts, Tabals, Meshechs, Greeks, Pelasgians, Armenians, Romans, Goths, Kurds, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks and Turks. Ottoman. They all belong to many ethnic and linguistic cultures. Throughout traced history, the inhabitants of Anatolia have spoken Indo-European and Semitic, as well as many languages ​​of uncertain affinity. In fact, given the ancient languages ​​of Hittite Indo-European and Luwian, some scholars have proposed Anatolia as the hypothetical center from which the Indo-European languages ​​had spread. Other authors have suggested the origin of the inhabitants of Anatolia from the Etruscans of ancient Italy. Today most of the population of Anatolia are native speakers of the Turkic language, which was introduced to the conquerors of Anatolia by the Turks and the rise of the Ottoman Empire in the 13th century. However, Anatolia remained multi-ethnic until the early 20th century. A significant Kurdish ethnic and linguistic minority remains in the south.


Nearly 80% of the population living in Anatolia today are Turks. The Kurds are the largest community in southeastern Anatolia, and the largest ethnic minority. Abkhazians, Albanians, Arabs, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Bosniaks, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgians, Greeks, Hemshins, Jews, Laz, Levantines, Pomaks, Zazas and a number of other ethnic groups also live in lesser numbers in Anatolia.

See also