August 12, 2022
Ankara is the capital of Turkey since 1923, replacing Constantinople or Istanbul. It is also the capital of Ankara Province. Previously, Ankara was known as Angora or Engürü; in Roman times it was known as Ancyra; and in Hellenistic times as kyra. It is located at an altitude of 938 meters above the surface. The second largest city in Turkey is inhabited by 4,455,453 inhabitants (2007) and is very important from an economic and industrial point of view. As the seat of the Turkish government, in Ankara are located all the embassies of other countries. The city is located in the driest area in Turkey and is surrounded by steppes with various archaeological sites from Ottoman, Byzantine and Roman times.