August 12, 2022

Ankara is the capital of Turkey since 1923, replacing Constantinople or Istanbul. It is also the capital of Ankara Province. Previously, Ankara was known as Angora or Engürü; in Roman times it was known as Ancyra; and in Hellenistic times as kyra. It is located at an altitude of 938 meters above the surface. The second largest city in Turkey is inhabited by 4,455,453 inhabitants (2007) and is very important from an economic and industrial point of view. As the seat of the Turkish government, in Ankara are located all the embassies of other countries. The city is located in the driest area in Turkey and is surrounded by steppes with various archaeological sites from Ottoman, Byzantine and Roman times.


Continental climate


Ankara's main airport is Esenboğa International Airport which is located to the north of the city. The Ankara Bus Terminal (Turkish: Ankara ehirlerarası Terminal letmesi) is an important part of the bus network in Ankara and the Ankara Garı railway station is the link between the western and eastern parts of Turkey. In Ankara there are two subway lines and three more lines under construction.

Twin cities


Since 8 April 2019, the Mayor of Ankara is Mansur Yavaş of the Republican People's Party (CHP), which won the general election in 2019.


External links

(English) Info on Ministry of Culture and Tourism website Archived 2005-12-24 at the Wayback Machine.