Central Intelligence Agency
January 20, 2022
The Central Intelligence Agency (English: Central Intelligence Agency, CIA) is one of the intelligence agencies of the United States federal government. As an executive agency, the CIA is under the Director of National Intelligence. The CIA has three main activities, namely gathering information about foreign governments, companies, and individuals; analyze this information along with intelligence from U.S. intelligence agencies. others to produce national security intelligence assessments submitted to senior United States policymakers; and carrying out or supervising covert activities and some tactical operations by its own employees, members of the U.S. military, or other associates at the request of the President of the United States. For example, the CIA can exert foreign policy influence through its tactical divisions such as the Special Activities Division. The CIA's headquarters are located in Langley, Virginia, a few miles west of Washington, D.C. Its employees work at the U.S. embassy. and a number of other locations around the world. The CIA replaced the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) created in World War II to coordinate the covert espionage activities of the United States Armed Forces against the Axis powers. The National Security Act of 1947 formalized the existence of the CIA and "abolished the function of police or law enforcement at home and abroad". Much criticism has been leveled at the CIA for its security and counterintelligence failures, intelligence analysis failures, human rights issues, overseas navigation and disclosure of documents. , influencing public opinion and law enforcement, smuggling drugs, and lying to Congress. Others, such as Eastern bloc defector Ion Mihai Pacepa, recognized the CIA as "the best intelligence organization in the world by far," and argued that CIA activities were carried out with the utmost care and unthinkable by other intelligence agencies around the world.