French (le français, la langue française) is one of the most important languages of the Romance language group after Spanish and Portuguese. French is the 11th most spoken language in the world. Until 1999, this language was spoken by more than 77 million people in the world as a mother tongue and by another 128 million people as a second language.
French is also used as the official language or language of government by several communities and organizations, such as the European Union, IOC, United Nations, and FIFA.
French has 26 phonemes, 21 consonants and 5 vowels. In addition, the grammar system is simple, including:
French has several accents and punctuation that affect the reading of a word, namely:
that is é
i.e. , ,
i.e. â, , , ,
i.e. , , ü,
The important components of French include the following:
To write words and sentences in French, Latin letters are generally used.
The basic letters are enriched by the development of accented vowels, namely:
Coupled with the modification of the consonant c, namely cé cédille (Ç ).
The components of a word in French consist of:
Recognition of words in French can start with pronouns, which consist of personal pronouns (personal pronouns), complementary pronouns (complementary pronouns), possessive pronouns (possessive pronouns), demonstrative pronouns (pointing pronouns), indefinite pronouns (pronouns). indefinite), relative pronouns (relational pronouns), and interrogative pronouns (questioning pronouns).
French divides the subject persona (S) into six, consisting of three singular personas and three plural personas which are always placed as direct subjects. The second persona singular (tu) is used to rebuke the interlocutor in a friendly manner (you). The second persona plural (vous) is used both to address several interlocutors (you) and only one interlocutor in a general or polite manner (you). The pronoun on has the same meaning as nous, but the verb conjugation corresponds to the singular third person (il).
Tu you, you
Il/elle He is male/female
Vous you, you guys
Ils/elles They are male/female Apart from being direct subjects, personal pronouns in French can also function as objects, either directly or indirectly. It is called a direct object if the object is directly affected by the verb, for example: Je connais Louis (I know Louis), while it is called an indirect object if the object is not directly exposed to the verb, but through an intermediary in the form of a preposition, for example: Je parle Louis (I speak to Louis).
French: français /fʁɑ̃ sɛ/ ("fran-seh")
Hello: bonjour /bɔ̃ uʁ/ ("bon-zhuur")
Goodbye: au revoir /o vwaʁ/ ("o-ruh-vwar")
Please: s'il vous plaît /sil vu plɛ/ ("sill vuu pleh")
Thank you: merci /mɛʁ si/ ("merr-sii")
You're welcome: de rien /də jɛ̃/ ("deh ryeh") (French); bienvenue /bjɛ̃v(ə) ny/ ("byeh-venuh") (Quebec)
It's: celui-là /səlɥi la/ ("sell-wii la"), informal. /sɥi la/ ("swee la"), or celle-là (feminine) /sɛl la/ ("sell-la")
How much?: combien /kɔ̃ bjɛ̃/ ("kom-byen")
English: anglais /ɑ̃ glɛ/ ("ahng-gleh")
Yes: oui /wi/ ("wii"), informal. ouais (rarely spelled) /wɛ/ ("wei")
No: non /nɔ̃/ ("non")
I'm sorry: Je suis désolé /ʒə sɥi de zo le/ ("zeh swii deh-zo-leh"), informal. /ʃsɥi de zo le/ ("shswee deh-zo-leh")
I don't understand: Je ne comprends pas /ʒə nə kɔ̃ pʁɑ̃ pa/ ("zheh neh kompren pa"), informal Je comprends pas /ʃkɔ̃ pʁɑ̃ pa/ (by omitting "ne") ("shko