Brasília is the capital city of Brazil and is located in the center of the country in a federal district created from the state of Goiás.
Population and communication
The city was originally planned to accommodate 500,000 residents, but has grown to 2 million (2,282,049 2004 estimate), including the satellite city and the current Federal District. Central Brasilia, known as Plano Piloto, has a population of about 200,000. Most of the population is tall in the satellite city. In Brasilia there is President Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport for air traffic.
Brasília has dry winters (mid-May to mid-October) and wet summers. During the dry season the relative humidity of the air reaches critical levels, especially during the hottest time of day.
The average temperature is 20.5°C. The warmest month is September, with an average high temperature of 28 °C and an average low temperature of 16 °C. The coldest month is July, with an average high temperature of 25 °C and an average low temperature of 13 °C. The monthly difference between an average high of about 3 degrees Celsius and an average low temperature of 5 degrees Celsius.
The highest average temperature is 28 °C. During the dry season, temperatures drop and can reach a daily high of 13 °C in July.
In terms of education, Brasilia has the best indication in the country, with a literacy rate of 93.7% according to the Human Development Index. The city has many junior high schools and several universities. The most important public university is the University of Brasilia (UNB). The other largest university is the Universidade Católica (UCB).
Brazil is the center of the federal government and is home to the executive, legislature and judiciary.
A planned city
Brasília is a planned city, and was built in 41 months from 1956 until its inauguration on 21 April 1960. Construction of the city was ordered by President Juscelino Kubitschek. The main urban planner was Lucio Costa, the principal architect of most public buildings was Oscar Niemeyer, and the landscape architecture was Roberto Burle Marx. The city was planned based on Le Corbusier's ideas.
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(Portuguese) Official website Archived 2014-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
(English) Brasilia - The Central West
Brasilia geographic data on OpenStreetMap