Denmark

Article

November 30, 2021

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark) is the smallest and southernmost of the Nordic countries. Denmark is located southwest of Sweden and south of Norway. This country is located in Scandinavia, Northern Europe so that it includes the European Union but is not on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Denmark borders the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. Its territory includes a peninsula in northern Germany called Jylland (Jutland), the Fyn Islands (Funen), Sjælland (Zealand), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolland, Falster, Bornholm and hundreds of small islands, often called the Danish archipelago. Denmark has long ruled the Baltic Sea. Prior to the excavation of the Kiel Canal, the waterway to the Baltic Sea was only accessible through the three Danish Straits. Denmark's only land boundary is with Germany, while its maritime neighbors are Sweden to the northeast and Norway to the north. The country adheres to a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system of government. Denmark has one central government and 98 municipalities as local governments. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, but has not yet joined the Eurozone. Denmark is a co-founder of NATO and the OECD. Denmark is also a member of the OSCE. Denmark, which embraces the concept of a mixed market capitalist economy as well as social welfare, is the highest-income country in the world. According to Forbes magazine, Denmark is a country that has the best business climate. From 2006 to 2008, the survey said that Denmark was "the happiest place in the world", in terms of health, welfare and education standards. The 2009 Global Peace Index survey said that Denmark was the second most peaceful country in the world after New Zealand. In 2009, Denmark was one of the least corrupt countries in the world based on the Corruption Perceptions Index, second only to New Zealand. Its official language, Danish, is closely related to Swedish and Norwegian because they share historical and cultural ties. the strong one. As many as 82% of the Danish population and 90.3% of ethnic Danes are followers of the Lutheran church. In 2010, 548,000 people (9.9% of the Danish population) were immigrants or their descendants. The majority (54%) came from Scandinavia or other parts of Europe, the rest came from countries in Asia and Africa. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are the territory of the Danish kingdom with its own political power.

Etymology

The origin of the word "Danmark", the relationship between the Danes and the Danes and the history of Denmark's incorporation as a single kingdom are still debated. Some argue that "Dan" comes from the Dane tribe or from Dan the legendary king of the Dane tribe. These two views are referenced from the Dane books of Scandinavia, Greece, and Rome such as Ptolemy, Jordanes, and Saint Gregory of Tours), as well as medieval literature such as Adam of Bremen, Beowulf, Widsith and the Poetic Edda). Some books say "Dan" and "Dane" come from a word meaning "flat land", or from German Tenne meaning threshing floor, English den meaning cave, Sanskrit dhánuṣ- (धनुस्) meaning desert. The -mark means a forest area or frontier, probably because it borders the forest to the south of the Grand Duchy of Schleswig, as does the -mark in Finnmark, Telemark and Dithmarschen. Some of the earliest descriptions of the origin of the word 'Denmark' are found in the Chronicon Lethrense (12th century) , Sven Aggesen (late 12th century), Saxo Grammaticus (early 13th century), and Ballads of Eric (mid 15th century). Chronicon Lethrense explains that when the Roman Emperor Augustus fought Denmark in the time of David. Denmark at that time consisted of the seven territories of Jutland, Fyn, Sjælland, Møn, Falster, Lolland and Skåne which were ruled by King Ypper of Uppsala. He has three sons, No

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