January 20, 2022
The position of Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) of the United States was formed by United States President Harry Truman on January 23, 1946 with Admiral Sidney Souers occupying that position. Until April 2005, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency served as DCI, tasked with coordinating intelligence activities among the various United States intelligence agencies, also known as the Intelligence Community. Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States and further investigations by the 9/11 Commission, a movement emerged to reorganize the Intelligence Community. This movement prompted the establishment of the position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI). According to this movement, the task of the DNI is to carry out what was previously carried out by the Director of Central Intelligence. On 21 April 2005 the position of Director of Central Intelligence was abolished and replaced by DNI. Porter J. Goss was the 19th and last Director of the CIA to serve in the DCI position.