May 22, 2022

Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Nội; Chữ Nôm: ), estimated population of 3,500,800 (1997), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. It is situated on the right bank of the Red River. The industries produced by Vietnam are machine tools, plywood, textiles, chemicals, and hand knitting. Hanoi became the capital of Vietnam in the 7th century. His name, which comes from Mandarin, ng Kinh, became Tonkin and was used by Europeans throughout Vietnam. Hanoi was colonized by the French in 1873 and handed over to it ten years later. It became the capital of French Indochina after 1887. Hanoi was occupied by the Japanese in 1940, and liberated in 1945, when it became the seat of the Vietnamese government. From 1946 to 1954, Hanoi was the site of fierce resistance between the French and the Vietnamese army. Since then, Hanoi has become the capital of North Vietnam. During the Vietnam War Hanoi's transportation facilities were disrupted by the bombing of bridges and railroads, but were quickly repaired. After the war ended, Hanoi became the capital of the whole of Vietnam when North and South Vietnam united on July 2, 1976. In the city of Hanoi there is Vietnam National University (formerly Hanoi University), Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, National History Museum, Revolution Museum and several historical monuments.


Hanoi features a subtropical humid climate (Köppen Cwa) with a lot of precipitation. The city experiences a climate typical for northern Vietnam, where summers are very hot and humid, and winters are, by national standards, relatively cold and dry. Summer, lasting from May to September, is hot and humid, with annual rainfall Template:Conver. Winter is fast, relatively dry, with spring getting little rainfall.

International Relations

Twin cities

Hanoi has the following twin cities: Hong Kong Ankara, Turkey Warsaw, Poland Angoulême, France Toulouse, France Bangkok, Thailand Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan Moscow, Russia Beijing, China Manila, Philippines Seoul South Korea Jakarta, Indonesia Phnom Penh, Cambodia Isfahan, Iran Victoria, Seychelles


External links

Official Site of Hanoi Government An article in the New York Times about Hanoi NewHanoian.com - Community information with user-created content, interactive maps, and reviews Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine. Hanoi view Archived 2011-05-29 at the Wayback Machine. OpenStreetMap has geographic data about Hanoi