Fish (food)


January 20, 2022

Fish as food refers to the use of fish and fish body parts (meat, organs, fish oil, etc.) as food ingredients. The term "fish" in everyday life can refer to the organism or a food ingredient. For seafood that is not specific only to fish but also to other organisms such as shellfish and sea cucumbers can refer to seafood.


To date, more than 32,000 species of fish have been identified, but only a small proportion have been used as food.

Nutrient content

Red fish meat is characterized by high fat content which gives it a relatively stronger taste than white fish meat. And because the fat content is higher, the content of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E, and K is also higher in red fish meat.


Meat is the part of an animal's body for food, often the muscle, bone and fat associated with the muscle, but can also include body tissues and organs. For the agricultural industry, "meat" is narrowed and includes only a few types of animals that are raised intentionally. Despite the vegan and vegetarian lifestyle, pescetarians avoid meat and its products other than fish. The term has been in the Merriam-Webster dictionary since 1993. Pescetarians eat fish based on the belief that fish is obtained in a better way than industrially reared chicken and beef, where chickens and cattle are kept in cramped spaces and fed which is not natural. In fact, in fish farming, maintenance is carried out under the same conditions. Some become pescetarians because fish do not have nervous systems as complex as land animals. Some pescetarians only eat fish that are only caught in the wild.

How to cook

Fish can be served in various ways, ranging from raw dishes (eg sashimi), preserved with salt (eg ham), smoked, dried in the sun, sauteed, grilled, deep fried in hot oil (deep frying) to steamed.

In religion

Some religions and beliefs view birds that fly in the air and fish that swim in water as different from land animals, and aquatic mammals from the Cetaceae are categorized as fish. So in the Jewish view, whales and dolphins cannot be eaten because they are not "fish with scales and fins" as instructed in Leviticus 11:9-12. However, because fish meat and land animal meat are different, mixing fish meat with milk is not prohibited. Various prohibitions on eating meat in Roman Catholicism do not include fish meat in the prohibition, as in Lent. In the Eastern Orthodox Christian fasting tradition, meat is prohibited but fish meat is not. On other occasions, marine products that have a backbone are prohibited but invertebrates such as shrimp and shellfish are not.


Related reading materials

Aquamedia, "Consumption of Fishery Products" retrieved from Archived 2006-02-23 at the Wayback Machine. on 2007-09-17. Paston-Williams, Sara (2006) Fish: Recipes from a Busy Island National Trust Books. ISBN 978-1-905400-07-2. Sweetser, Wendy (2009) The Connoisseur's Guide to Fish & Seafood Sterling Publishing Company,. ISBN 978-1-4027-7051-7. Tidwell, James H. and Allan, Geoff L., "Fish as food: aquaculture's contribution Ecological and economic impacts and contributions of fish farming and capture fisheries", 2001-11-15, retrieved from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih .gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid1084135 on 2007-09-17. University of Michigan Health System, "Fish & Seafood" retrieved from Archived 2007-05-26 at the Wayback Machine. on 2007-09-17., "Frequently Asked Questions-Definitions" retrieved fr

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