English

Article

May 22, 2022

England (English: England) is a constituent country that is part of the United Kingdom. The country is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea to the northwest, the Celtic Sea to the southwest, and the North Sea to the east and the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe, to the south. Most of England consists of the central and southern parts of the Isle of Great Britain in the North Atlantic. England also includes more than 100 small islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now known as England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Paleolithic period, but the name England comes from the Angles, who were one of the Germanic tribes who settled there in the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified nation in AD 927, and since the Age of Discovery began in the 15th century, it has exerted significant cultural and legal influence on many parts of the world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – which form the basis of the common law system for other countries around the world – originated and developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system has also been adopted by many other countries. The Industrial Revolution which began in the 18th century made England the first industrial country in the world. The British Royal Society also played an important role in laying the foundations of modern experimental science for science and technology. England's topography consists mostly of hills and lowlands, especially in central and southern England. Uplands are found in the north (for example, the mountains of the Lake District, Pennines and Yorkshire Dales) and in the southwest (for example, Dartmoor and Cotswolds). The former capital of England was Winchester, then replaced by London in 1066. Today London is the largest metropolitan area in Great Britain and the largest urban zone in the European Union by area. The population of the UK is about 53 million people, or about 84% of the total population of Great Britain, mostly concentrated in London, South East England and the conurbation areas of the Midlands, North West, North East and Yorkshire, each of these areas being developed as a major industrial area during the 19th century. While the prairie area is outside the big cities. The United Kingdom (after 1284 also including Wales) was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707. Then the Act of Unity declaring that the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland be united politically to form the Kingdom of Great Britain was passed in 1707. In 1801, The United Kingdom was united with the Kingdom of Ireland with the passage of the Union Act 1800 and later the name was changed to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, the Irish Free State was established as a separate dominion, but the six counties of Northern Ireland still chose to become part of the United Kingdom, which was later renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, in the context of the United Kingdom known as the United Kingdom. until now.

Etymology

The name "England" (England) comes from the Old English word Englaland, which means "land of the Angles". The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles are from the Angeln peninsula in the Gulf of Kiel, in the Baltic Sea region. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first known use of the word "England" to refer to the southern part of the Isle of Great Britain occurred in 897, and the modern spelling of the word was first used in 1538. The earliest written mention of the word England is in Tacitus's Germania in the 1st century, which uses the word Anglii. Etymology of the name