International Standard Book Number
November 28, 2021
The International Standard Book Number, or ISBN (literally Indonesian: International Standard Book Number), is the "unique identifier" for books used commercially. The ISBN system was created in the United Kingdom in 1966 by book and stationery dealer W H Smith and was originally called Standard Book Numbering or SBN (used until 1974). This system was adopted as the international standard ISO 2108 in 1970. A similar identifier, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), is used for periodical publications such as magazines.
The ISBN is for book publishing. The ISBN number cannot be used arbitrarily, it is regulated by an international agency based in Berlin, Germany. To obtain it, it can be done by contacting the ISBN agency representative in each country that has been appointed by the ISBN international agency. The representative of international ISBN institutions in Indonesia is the National Library of Indonesia since the appointment of the institution to be the national ISBN agency for the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) in 1986. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the International ISBN Agency and the National Library of Indonesia for business matters The ISBN was signed on March 31, 2005.
Issuers wishing to apply for ISBNs must meet several requirements, namely:
Fill out a statement letter form for new publishers who have never joined ISBN membership;
Show proof of the legality of the issuer (notary deed, decision letter, deed of agreement, or official letters whose contents can be accounted for;
Make a letter of application on the official letterhead of the publisher or responsible body;
Attach the title page, title page turning page, table of contents, and foreword Applications can be submitted by post, facsimile, email, online, or come directly to the National Library and are free of charge.
ISBN consists of "Ten Digit Number" with the order of writing is country code-publisher code-book code identification number. However, since January 2007 the writing of ISBN has changed following the EAN pattern, becoming a 13-digit number.
The difference lies in the first three digits of the number plus 978. So, writing the 13-digit ISBN is 978-country code-issuer code-book identification number.
The ISBN prefixes for Indonesia are "979" and "602". The following is an example of an ISBN pattern for books in Indonesia:
978-979-issuer-book code-identification number 978-602-issuer-book code-identification number 979-979-issuer-book code-identification number 979-602-issuer-book code-identification number
2 End Pattern has not been used and will be used when the 978 prefix is full. This applies to all countries where the 979 prefix replaces the 978 prefix.
ASIN (Amazon Standard Identification Number) Amazon's standard identification number.
ESBN (Electronic Standard Book Number, see http://esbn.org) Electronic book standard number.
ISMN (International Standard Music Number) International standard number for music.
ISAN (International Standard Audiovisual Number) International standard number for audiovisual.
ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) International standard serial number.
ISWC (International Standard Work Code, see http://iswc.org) International standard code for work.
Library of Congress Control Number Library of Congress library book control number, United States.
ISO 2108:2005 at www.iso.org
The official website of the Indonesian ISBN service
A brief summary of ISBNs Filed 2003-03-09 at the Wayback Machine.
How to find a book from Wikibooks
How to Get a Book ISBN
ISBN to EAN transition on isbn.org
ISBN description to the EAN upgrade process Archived 2007-04-08 on the Wayback Machine. on bookweb.org
Wikipedia:ISBN, use of ISBN on WikipediaNational and International InstitutionsISSN Online