Izaac Hindom (23 December 1934 – 11 March 2009) was an Indonesian bureaucrat and politician who served as Governor of Irian Jaya (now Papua) from 1982 to 1988.
Born in Fakfak, Hindom started his education at a Dutch school for indigenous Papuans and pursued a vocational education in civil service. Hindom worked in various civil service positions at the district level during the Dutch New Guinea period. He also ran for the New Guinea Council but was not elected. After Dutch New Guinea became part of Indonesia, Hindom was appointed a member of the Daily Governing Body in 1965 and was elected to the House of Representatives for two terms in 1971 and 1977. He ended his second term as a member of the Council after being appointed deputy governor in 1980. and became governor two years later after his predecessor died.
During his time as governor, Hindom planned a massive transmigration program, which would move more than half a million transmigrants to the province. Its transmigration program has been criticized by various parties, from the transmigrants themselves to Western environmental activists and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in the field of human rights. He also oversaw the division of the province into three sub-provincial regions as well as forest exploitation in the province.
After his first term ended, he ran for the next gubernatorial election and won it, but withdrew a few weeks later citing polygamy, overburdening and regeneration. He was appointed a member of the Supreme Advisory Council from 1988 until the institution was dissolved in 2003. He died six years later on March 11, 2009.
Childhood and education
Hindom was born on December 23, 1934 in Adora Village, a village located in Afdeling (Kabupaten) Fakfak. Hindom started his education at Hollandsch-Inlandsche School, a Dutch school for indigenous Papuans, and graduated from the school in 1949. He then continued his education at Algemene Lagere School and School Opleidingschool voor Inlandsche Bestuur Ambtenaren (OSIBA). He graduated from the school in 1954.
Career of bureaucrats
After graduating from OSIBA, Hindom served as a civil servant in various places in Dutch New Guinea. Hindom was first hired by the Head of the Administrative Sub-Section of Fakfak. He was employed for about a year until he was appointed Head of the Etna Bay District in 1955. He was transferred to Kaimana and was employed to Head of the Administrative Sub-Division of Fakfak in December 1957. Less than a year later, in March 1958, he returned and was hired. again by the Head of the Administrative Sub-Division of Fakfak until 1959. From February 1960 to September 1962, he served as Head of the Arguni Bay District. In the 1961 general election in Dutch New Guinea, Hindom ran as a candidate for the New Guinea Council from the Kaimana constituency. He competed against Nicholas Tanggama and Mohammad Achmad in the constituency. However, he did not get enough votes to sit on the New Guinea Council.
During Operation Trikora launched by the Indonesian government to make Dutch New Guinea a part of Indonesia, Hindom provided indirect assistance to the operation. For his support of the operation, Hindom was appointed Head of the Provisional Government of Teminabuan in June 1963. He entered the provincial government in July 1965 to become a member of the Daily Government Agency (BPH), a body established to assist the governor. Hindom was domiciled in Jakarta during her term as a member of BPH. After her term as a member of BPH expired, Hindom was nominated as a member of the House of Representatives from the Fakfak constituency.