July 6, 2022

Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a federated state in Europe. The country has a very important economic and political position in Europe as well as in the world. With an area of ​​357,021 square kilometers and a population of about 82 million people, the country with 16 states (Bundesland, plural: Bundesländer) is a key member of the European Union (most populous) organization, the liaison for the transportation of goods and services between countries in the region, and is the country with the largest population. the third largest immigrant population in the world. Although the modern German nation-state was only formed in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War, political units in this region have long played an important position in the era of monarchy in Europe since the rule by the Roman Empire before the modern era (AD) ) until the end of the Napoleonic Wars. The unification of Central Europe under Charles the Great (Charlemagne), leader of the Frankish Empire, in the 8th century led to the formation of a nearly 1000 year old confederate empire known as the Holy Roman Empire. This empire greatly colored feudal culture throughout Europe and became the center of the Reformation of the Christian church in the 16th century which gave birth to Protestantism. When the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806 due to the divisions caused by the Napoleonic wars, a sense of one nationality had grown as a common-speaking (German) people. However, the modern state that was formed later was unable to unite these national ideals because Austria formed an ally with Hungary to become a separate state from the modern German state. In 1949, Germany, vastly reduced by the two great wars in Europe, was divided into two separate states: West Germany and East Germany. This secession ended on October 3, 1990 (which is now Germany's national day) when East Germany officially unified itself with West Germany. Germany (West) is a founding member of the European Economic Community (later to become the European Union in 1993). The country is also a member of the Schengen zone and a user of the Euro currency since 2002. As an important country, Germany is a member of the G8, G20, ranks fourth in Gross Domestic Product and fifth in the Equilibrium Spending Ability (2009), ranks second for exporting countries and ranks fifth in terms of purchasing power. both importing countries (2009), and ranks second in the world in the value of development assistance in its annual budget (2008). Germany is also known as a country with a good social safety net system and has a very high standard of living. Germany is known as a country with mastery of advanced science and technology in various fields, both natural and social sciences and humanity, apart from being a country that has made many achievements in the field of sports, such as Formula One, football, and others. Germany is considered to be a very lively country in the world. In other words, Germany is also a country that influences the state of the world economy/stock exchange.


Because of its location in the middle of Europe and its long history as different tribes before finally uniting, Germany has many nicknames. The name "Germany" used in Malay is taken from the English name German which means "German people" or German. The name of the country in English, Germany, comes from the Latin name used by the Romans for the area around the Rhine, namely Germania since the 3rd century BC. The etymology is unclear, but it is possible that the Romans adopted from the Celtic Gauls for the people there meaning "neighbors". Allemania (with variations, used for example in French, Spanish, and Arabic), Saksa (spoken in Finnish) , Tedesco (used in English)