Solok Regency is a district in the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia. This district is one of the largest rice production centers in West Sumatra, known as Bareh Solok.
In the past, the Solok area (including the city of Solok and the district of South Solok) was an overseas territory of Luhak Tanah Datar, which later became known as Luhak Kubuang Tigo Baleh. Besides that, the Solok area is also an area passed by the ancestors of Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu who came from Tanah Datar who are also known as grandmothers less aso sixty (meaning sixty natural ancestors of the Pagu River Murbi). This migration is estimated to have occurred in the 13th to 14th centuries AD.
Solok Regency is not a new area because Solok has existed long before the law for the formation of this region was issued. During the Dutch colonial period, on April 9, 1913, the name Solok was used as the name of an administrative unit at the district level, namely Afdeeling Solok as stated in the Dutch Governor General's Besluit which was later published in the Staatsblad van Nederlandsch-Indie. Since the stipulation of the name Solok at the district level in 1913 until now, Solok is still used as the name of the administrative region at the district/city level.
In 1970, the capital city of Solok Regency was developed and designated as a municipality under the name Kota Solok. Changing its status as the capital city of Solok Regency into a new government area was not accompanied by the relocation of the capital city to a new location. In 1979, Solok Regency had just moved the government service center from Solok City to Koto Baru, Kubung District, but legally the capital city of Solok Regency was still Solok.
With the issuance of Law number 22 of 1999 concerning Regional Government, district/city governments are given real and broad authority and full responsibility for regulating their respective regions. Solok Regency, which at that time had an area of 7,084.2 Km², had the opportunity to make arrangements for its administrative area. The first arrangement was carried out in 1999 by increasing the number of sub-districts which in 1980 was set at 13 main sub-districts to 14 while the number of villages and sub-districts remained the same.
The next administrative area arrangement took place in 2001 in line with the spirit of “babaliak banagari” in Solok Regency. In the arrangement of the administrative area this time there was a significant change where the government area which originally consisted of 14 sub-districts, 11 District Representative Offices, 247 villages and 6 urban villages was rearranged to 19 sub-districts, 86 Nagari, and 520 jorong. This last administrative area was determined by Perda number 4 of 2001 concerning Nagari governance and Regional Regulation number 5 of 2001 concerning Mapping and Formation of Districts.
At the end of 2003, Solok Regency was again divided into two regencies, namely Solok Regency and South Solok Regency. This division was carried out based on Law No. 38 of 2003 and reduced the area of Solok Regency to 4,594.23 Km². This division also has an impact on reducing the number of administrative areas of Solok Regency to 14 sub-districts, 74 Nagari and 403 Jorong.
With various considerations and an in-depth study of various other very historical moments for Solok in general, the local government and the community agreed on the incident of the inclusion of the name Solok on April 9, 1913 as the name of a district-level administrative unit during the Dutch era as a stepping stone that will be commemorated as Solok Regency anniversary. This agreement was confirmed by Regional Regulation No. 2 of 2009 concerning the Determination of Solok Regency's Anniversary. On April 9, 2010, it was the first time that Solok Regency commemorated its 97th anniversary.