Central Kalimantan

Article

January 20, 2022

Central Kalimantan (abbreviated Kalteng) is one of the provinces in Indonesia which is located on the island of Borneo. The capital city is Palangka Raya City. Based on the 2010 census, the province has a population of 2,202,599, consisting of 1,147,878 males and 1,054,721 females. Central Kalimantan BPS data for 2021 shows the population of this province in 2020 will increase to 2,670.00 (men 1,385,700 people and women 1,284,300 people). Central Kalimantan has 13 districts and 1 city.

History

According to the legend of the Dayak tribe originating from Panaturan Tetek Tatum written by Tjilik Riwut, the first person who occupied the earth or set foot in Kalimantan was Raja Bunu. In the 14th century Maharaja Agarryanata, the governor of Majapahit ruled in the Kingdom of Negara Dipa (Amuntai) which was centered in Candi Agung with a mandala area from Tanjung Silat to Tanjung Puting with areas called Sakai, namely the area of ​​the Barito, Tabalong, Balangan, river trunks. Pitap, Alai, Amandit, Labuan Amas, Little Biaju (Kapuas-Murung), Big Biaju (Kahayan), Sebangau, Mendawai, Katingan, Sampit and Pembuang with their respective regional heads called Mantri Sakai (District Head), while Kotawaringin area at that time was a separate kingdom. The Kingdom of Negara Dipa was continued by the Kingdom of Negara Daha with its first king Miharaja Sari Babunangan Unro miharaja maharaja. The king had brought one of his sons named Raden Sira Panji Kesuma alias Uria Gadung (Uria Aria) to take over the power of the Tanah Dusun [or Barito Raya] area which was located in JAAR – SANGGARWASI. In the 16th century, Central Kalimantan was still included in the mandala area of ​​the Sultanate of Banjar, the successor of the Daha State which had moved the capital to the lower reaches of the Barito river, precisely in Banjarmasin, with its mandala area expanding to cover areas from Tanjung Sambar to Tanjung Aru. In the 16th century, King Maruhum Panambahan came to power, who married Nyai Siti Biang Lawai, a Dayak princess, daughter of Patih Rumbih from Biaju. The Biaju army was often involved in revolutions at the Banjar palace, even with the act of cutting off heads (nyau) for example, Nyai Biang Lawai's younger brother named Panglima Sorang who was given the title Nanang Sarang to help King Maruhum crush the rebellion of the children of Kiai Di Podok. In addition, the Biaju people (as Dayaks in the past) also helped Prince Dipati Anom (2nd) to seize the throne from Sultan Ri'ayatullah. King Maruhum assigned Dipati Ngganding to rule in the land of Kotawaringin. Dipati Ngganding was succeeded by his son-in-law, namely Prince Dipati Anta-Kasuma son of King Maruhum as the first king of Kotawaringin with the title Queen of Kota Waringin. Prince Dipati Anta-Kasuma is the husband of Andin Juluk bint Dipati Ngganding and Nyai Tapu bint Mantri Kahayan. In Kotawaringin Prince Dipati Anta-Kasuma married a local woman and had children, namely Prince Amas and Putri Lanting. Prince Amas who holds the title Ratu Amas is the king of Kotawaringin, his successor continues until the current King of Kotawaringin, namely Prince Ratu Alidin Sukma Alamsyah. Kotawaringin's first contract with the Dutch VOC occurred in 1637. According to Radermacher's report, in 1780 there were indigenous governments such as Kyai Ingebai Suradi Raya, the head of the Mendawai area, Kyai Ingebai Sudi Ratu, the head of the Sampit area, Raden Jaya the head of the Pembuang area and the Kotawaringin kingdom with its king. Based on a treaty on August 13, 1787, Sultan Batu of Banjarmasin handed over areas in Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, parts of West Kalimantan and parts of South Kalimantan (including Banjarmasin) to the VOC, while the Sultanate of Banjar itself with its remaining territory along the Kuin area North, Martapura, Hulu Sungai to Pattai District, Sihoeng District and Mengkatip become

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