white people

Article

December 6, 2021

White people or Caucasian people is a term that usually refers to humans who are characterized, at least in part, by white skin pigmentation. However, rather than a straightforward description of skin color, the term white refers more to a specific ethnic group and functions more as a metaphor for a "human race." "White people" are also sometimes called "Caucasians." The most frequently used definition of "white person" is one who has the appearance of a distinctly European ancestry. However, the definition of "white people" varies according to geographical and historical context, and a number of concepts of the color white have an impact on national identity, consanguinity, public policy, religion, population statistics, racial segregation/consensus measures, eugenics, racial marginalization, and quotas. racial. This concept has been applied with varying degrees of formality and internal consistency in various disciplines, such as sociology, politics, genetics, biology, medicine, biomedicine, language, culture, and law.

History of the term

The notion of "white people" or "white race" as a population group as distinguished from "people of color" emerged in the 17th century. However, pragmatic descriptions of human groups as "white" with reference to their skin color are much earlier and are found in ancient Greek and Roman ethnographic manuscripts as well as other ancient sources.

Reference

Bibliography

Allen, Theodore, The Invention of the White Race, 2 vols. (London: Verso, 1994) Bonnett, Alastair White Identities: Historical and International Perspectives (Harlow, Pearson, 2000) Brodkin, Karen, How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says About Race in America, Rutgers, 1999, ISBN 0-8135-2590-X. Foley, Neil, The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997) Gossett, Thomas F., Race: The History of an Idea in America, New ed. (New York: Oxford University, 1997) Guglielmo, Thomas A., White on Arrival: Italians, Race, Color, and Power in Chicago, 1890-1945, 2003, ISBN 0-19-515543-2 Hannaford, Ivan, Race: The History of an Idea in the West (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1996) Ignatiev, Noel, How the Irish Became White, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-91825-1. Jackson, F. L. C. (2004). Book chapter: Human genetic variation and health: new assessment approaches based on ethnogenetic layering. Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. British Medical Bulletin 2004; 69: 215–235 DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldh012. Retrieved December 29, 2006. Jacobson, Matthew Frye, Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race, Harvard, 1999, ISBN 0-674-95191-3. Oppenheimer, Stephen (2006). The Origins of the British: A Genetic Detective Story. Constable and Robinson Ltd., London. ISBN 978-1-84529-185-7. Rosenberg NA, Mahajan S, Ramachandran S, Zhao C, Pritchard JK, et al. (2005) Clines, Clusters, and the Effect of Study Design on the Inference of Human Population Structure. PLoS Genet 1(6): e70 DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.0010070 Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, et al. (2002) Genetic structure of human populations. Science 298: 2381–2385.Abstract Segal, Daniel A., review of Racial Situations: Class Predicaments of Whiteness in Detroit American Ethnologist May 2002, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 470-473 doi:10.1525/ae.2002.29.2.470 Smedley, Audrey, Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a Worldview, 2nd ed. (Boulder: Westview, 1999). Sweet, Frank W., Legal History of the Color Line: The Rise and Triumph of the One-Drop Rule, Backintyme, 2005, ISBN 0-939479-23-0. Tang, Hua., Tom Quertermous, Beatriz Rodriguez, Sharon LR Kardia, Xiaofeng Zhu, Andrew Brown,7 James S. Pankow,8 Michael A. Province,9 Steven C. Hunt, Eric Boerwinkle, Nicholas J. Schork, and Neil J Risch (2005) Genetic Structure, Self-Identified Race/Ethnicity, and Confounding in Case-Control Association Studies Am. J. Hum

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','Kaukasia','white people','J. Hum','')