United States Virgin Islands

Article

August 12, 2022

The United States Virgin Islands, officially the United States Virgin Islands, are a group of islands located in the Caribbean and the unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. The islands are geographically part of the Virgin Islands and are located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles east of Puerto Rico and west of the British Virgin Islands. The US Virgin Islands consists of the main islands of Saint Croix, Saint John and Saint Thomas. and 50 other small islands and gorges in the vicinity. The total land area of ​​the territory is 13,373 square miles (34,635.91 km2). The capital of the region is Charlotte Amalie on the island of St. Thomas. Previously known as the Danish West Indies of the Kingdom of Denmark–Norway (from 1754 to 1814) and the independent Kingdom of Denmark (from 1814 to 1917), they were sold to the United States by Denmark for $25,000,000 in the 1917 Danish West Indies Treaty and since then. become the territory of the United States of America. The US Virgin Islands are governed under the 1954 Revised Virgin Islands Organic Act and have since held five constitutional conventions. Tourism and related categories are the main economic activity.

Etymology

The islands were named Santa rsula y las Once Mil Vírgenes by Christopher Columbus in 1493 after the legend of Saint Ursula and the 11,000 virgins. The name was later shortened to the Virgin Islands.

History

Pre-European contacts

U.S. Virgin Islands It was originally inhabited by the Ciboney and Arawak people, with some scholars thinking that the island was inhabited as early as 1000 BC. The Caribs arrived around the middle of the 15th century AD.

Early European Settlers

Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage in 1493, is considered the first European to see the islands, giving them their current name. The Spaniards then settled in 1555, with English and French settlers arriving in St. Croix from 1625. There was a complex period in which the islands were disputed among the Spanish, French, English and Dutch.

Danish period

The Danish-Norwegians were also interested in the islands, and the Danish West India Company settled in St. & nbsp; Thomas in 1672 and St. & nbsp; John in 1694, then bought St. & NBSP; Croix From France in 1733. [https://web.archive.org/web/20081204103732/http://www.virgin-islands-history.dk/eng/vi_hist.asp "A brief history of the Danish West Indies, 1666–1917"]. Archived from [http://www.virgin-islands-history.dk/eng/vi_hist.asp original] date . the islands became a colony of the Danish kingdom in 1754, named the Danish West Indian Archipelago ({Danish: de Dansk-Vestindiske er ). Initially the currency was Danish West Indian Rigsdaler, replaced by [[[Danish West Indian Daler | Daler]] in 1849. The islands proved ideal for sugar plantations: sugarcane, produced by enslaved Africans, boosted the island's economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Other plantation crops include cotton and indigo dye. Template:CITE Web During the 17th and 18th centuries, sizable Jewish communities also began to settle on the islands. [https://web.archive.org/web/20190413154520/https://www.jewishvirginascle. /articlecco_cdo/aid/291284/jewish/jewish-history-on-island.htm "Historical Synagogue"]. Archived from [http://www.jewishvirginidlands.com/templates/articlecco_cdo/aidinislands.com/templates/articlecco_cdo/aiddo/291284/jewish/jewish-history-on-island.htm original] dated . The Høgensborg Estate in Sankt Croix, 1833] In 1733, St. & nbsp; John was the site of one of the first significant slave revolts in the New World when Akan - Akwamu Slaves from the Gold Coast (Modern Ghana) took over the island for six months. Denmark was able to defeat the enslaved Africans with help from France