International Olympic Committee


July 5, 2022

The International Olympic Committee (English: International Olympic Committee, IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, founded by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to re-establish the Ancient Olympics held in Greece, and holds this sporting event every four years. The IOC receives its operating funds through advertising and Olympic memorabilia, as well as through the sale of coverage rights to the mass media at the time of the Olympics.

History and function

On June 23, 1894 the Olympics were reinvented by Pierre de Coubertin after a hiatus of 1500 years. The baron hoped to establish international communication and peace through the Olympics. The IOC is the apex organization that is expected to localize the administration and authority for the Olympics, as well as provide the companies that own the copyright, and other ownership related to the Olympics. The President of the IOC is responsible for representing the IOC as a whole, and there are IOC members who represent the IOC in their respective countries.

Host offer

Countries wishing to host the Olympics must offer to host them with the IOC, which has full power to decide where the Games will be held. The IOC members will vote to decide this. By law, all IOC members must retire at the age of 81. Members from the bidding country may not vote until their country has opted out of the bidding process.


The IOC is controlled by delegates from each country chosen by the IOC itself.


Since 1894, the IOC has had 9 presidents:

See also

List of IOC members International Paralympic Committee List of IOC country codes

External links

IOC official website Olympic Watch