October 28, 2021
Creationism, as in the Abrahamic religions, is the belief that man, life, earth, and the entire universe had a miraculous origin resulting from the supernatural intervention of a supreme being who is generally called God. This interference can be seen either as an act of creation from nothing (ex nihilo), or as the emergence of order from pre-existing chaos (demiurgos). In the modern sense, the term creationism is specifically associated with a type of conservative Christian fundamentalism that clashes with various aspects of science. Among scientists, creationism is a pseudoscience, which is incompatible with the scientific method. According to the opponents of creationism, the proponents of creationism cannot propose a theory of creation that can be falsified or can be researched using scientific instruments. Many who hold creationist beliefs consider these aspects of religious belief to be appropriate, or at least unaffected by scientific explanations. However, creationism in everyday use usually implies religious, political and social campaigns — for example, in education — to establish dominance or broad acceptance of a spiritual view of nature and of man's place in it. This view often runs counter to certain interpretations of the scientific method or naturalism which such creationists reject as materialistic, secular, or even anti-religious. Those who hold a literal view of Creation reject scientific theories which they feel contradict their religious texts. Most notable is the rejection of evolution and common descent by many creationists, who find the idea that humans are "derived from lower beings" as insulting or blasphemous. Such creationists often also reject the current scientific consensus regarding the origin of life, the origin of the human species, the geological history of the Earth, the formation of the solar system, and the origin of the universe.