Kuala Lumpur

Article

May 22, 2022

Kuala Lumpur (often abbreviated as KL), or its full name Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory, is the capital and largest city in Malaysia. The Federal Territory covers an area of ​​244 km2 (94 sq mi), with a population of approximately 1.6 million inhabitants (2010). The Kuala Lumpur metropolitan area, also known as the Klang Valley, has a population of 5.7 million people. Kuala Lumpur is the fastest growing metropolitan area in Malaysia, both in terms of population and economy. In Kuala Lumpur stands the Malaysian Parliament. The city was also the location of the executive government and judiciary offices, which have moved to Putrajaya since 1999. However, several branch offices of the judiciary still exist in this city. Yang di-Pertuan Agong's official residence, namely the State Palace, is in Kuala Lumpur. The city is also the cultural and economic center of Malaysia due to its position as the capital and main city. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) views Kuala Lumpur as an alpha global city. The Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur is one of the three Federal Territories of Malaysia, and is also an enclave within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Since the 1990s, the city has hosted numerous international sporting, political and cultural events, such as the 1998 Commonwealth Games and Formula One. In addition, in Kuala Lumpur stands the tallest twin buildings in the world, namely the Petronas Twin Towers. Kuala Lumpur is connected to the outside world by two airports, namely Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang and Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang.

History

Kuala Lumpur's modern history dates back to the 1850s, when King Abdullah paid Chinese laborers to open a new and bigger tin mine. They arrived at the mouths of the Gombak and Klang rivers to open mines in Ampang. These mines developed into trading areas that were increasingly accepted as border towns. Kuala Lumpur has experienced many conflicts, such as the Selangor Civil War, disease outbreaks, fires, and floods. Around the 1870s, the Kapitan Cina Kuala Lumpur, Yap Ah Loy, became the leader responsible for the defense and growth of the city. He began to build Kuala Lumpur from a small unknown place into a mining city with an active economy. At the end of the 19th century, Mohamed Taib bin Haji Abdul Samad, a Malay merchant from Minangkabau, opened the Chow Kit and Kampung Bahru areas as residential areas for the Malay community. In 1880, the capital city of Selangor was moved from Klang to Kuala Lumpur which was much more strategic. In 1881, fires and floods destroyed Kuala Lumpur's wooden structures and roofs. The British resident in Selangor, Frank Swettenham, acted by requiring all buildings to be constructed of bricks and tiles only. Most of the new buildings resembled shophouses in Southern China, with a "street" feature. Transportation to the city was made easier by the construction of a railway line. Development accelerated in the 1890s, so a Sanitary Board was established. In 1896, Kuala Lumpur was chosen as the capital of the new "Allied Malay States". Various communities came to settle in Kuala Lumpur. The Chinese settled around the trading center of Medan Pasar east of the Klang River. Malays, Chettiars and Muslim Indians settled along Java Street (now Jalan Tun Perak). The square, now known as Merdeka Square, was the seat of the British government. During the Second World War, Kuala Lumpur was occupied by the Japanese army from 11 January 1942 to 15 October 1945. In 1957, the Federation of Malaya succeeded in gaining independence from the United Kingdom, and Kuala Lumpur Mud was chosen as the capital city. After the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, the city was also chosen as the nation's capital