Larry Sanger


January 20, 2022

Lawrence Mark Sanger (born July 16, 1968) or also known as Larry Sanger is a manager and pioneer of online encyclopedia projects. At first Sanger was an important figure in the approach to writing by experts (experts) and editing the Earth Encyclopedia. On 15 September 2006 he proposed a new fork of Wikipedia called Citizendium.


Sanger was born in Bellevue, Washington, on July 16, 1968 and raised in Anchorage, Alaska. Sanger completed his undergraduate education in philosophy from Reed College in 1991 and completed his Ph.D in Philosophy from Ohio State University in 2000 with the thesis title "Descartes' methods and their theoretical background" and his doctoral thesis on "Epistemic Circularity". : An Essay on the Problem of Meta-Justification". From 1998 to 2000 he operated a website entitled, "Review of Y2K News Reports by Sanger" (previously published on which served as one of the resource persons for Y2K observers. Sanger worked for Bomis and promoted both nupedia and wikipedia until Bomis stopped funding his position in February 2002, and he resigned from Wikipedia. After Wikipedia until June 2005, Sanger returned to academia where he taught philosophy at Ohio State University. As a professional practitioner he is interested in epistemology (in particular), modern philosophy, and ethics. In his spare time he teaches and plays the traditional Irish fiddle instrument in Columbus and Dayton, Ohio. He also co-maintains a site about the Donegal fiddle tradition.

Nupedia, Wikipedia and Citizendium

Larry Sanger worked for the Bomis company owned by Jimmy Wales. In January 2001, responding to frustration at Nupedia's slow progress, Sanger proposed the creation of a wiki to stimulate an increase in the number of articles. The result of his proposal was the birth of Wikipedia. With his position as the main editor at wikipedia, Sanger became the head and spearhead of the project. He named the project, and formulated wikipedia's early policies. Sanger continued to work and promote both Nupedia and Wikipedia until Bomis stopped funding his position in February 2002. In February 2002 Sanger resigned as chief editor at Nupedia and as "principal manager" ( Sanger never had an official title) on Wikipedia. Shortly after, on March 1, 2002, Sanger stated that he resigned from Nupedia and Wikipedia as a volunteer because he felt his part-time volunteer work was unfair. In December 2004 he wrote a critical article for the website Kuro5shin, in which he acknowledged that there had been a "social or political atmosphere that adversely affected the project" and was one of the reasons for his departure. Nupedia closed the following year. In December 2005, the Digital Universe Foundation announced that it had appointed Sanger as Program Content Distribution Director where he would lead the Content Resources of the Digital Universe Encyclopedia for a major web project to be launched in early 2006 Unlike Wikipedia, the encyclopedia Digital Universe plans to bring in experts who are experts in their fields to assess the accuracy of articles written by users, in addition to these experts also writing their own articles. The first step in this endeavor was the compilation of the Earth Encyclopedia. In April 2006, Sanger published "Collaborations and Texts: A Draft Privacy Policy for Text Collaboration" in which he argued for what he called "strong collaborations" (meaning collaborations in which people work together according to their area of ​​interest and no one has ultimate control). It is possible that a strong collaboration could be more effective (if enforced)

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