May 22, 2022
Malaysia is a federal state consisting of thirteen states (states) and three federal territories in Southeast Asia with an area of 330,803 sq km. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. The country's population will reach 32,730,000 in 2020. The country is separated into two regions — West Malaysia and East Malaysia — by the Natuna Islands, an Indonesian territory in the South China Sea. Malaysia is bordered by Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines. This country is located near the equator and has a tropical climate. The head of state of Malaysia is a King or a Sultan who is elected in turn every 5 years from among the kings of the states that are governed. The King of Malaysia usually wears the title Sri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his government is headed by a Prime Minister. Malaysia's model of government is similar to the Westminster parliamentary system. Malaysia as a federal state did not exist until 1963. Previously, a group of colonies were established by the United Kingdom in the late 18th century, and the western part of modern Malaysia consisted of several separate kingdoms. The group of colonies was known as British Malaya until its dissolution in 1946, when it was reorganized as the Union of Malaya. As opposition grew, the group was again reorganized as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and later gained independence on 31 August 1957. On 16 September 1963, in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 1514, in the process of decolonization, Singapore, Sarawak, Borneo North or what is now better known as Sabah turned into a state of the newly formed federation called Malaysia, including the Federation of Malaya. Singapore was then expelled from Malaysia on August 9, 1965 and became an independent country called the Republic of Singapore. During the early years of the formation of the new federation, there was also opposition from the Philippines and military conflict with Indonesia. The nations of Southeast Asia experienced an economic boom and underwent rapid development at the end of the 20th century. The rapid growth in the 1980s and 1990s, averaging 8% from 1991 to 1997, has turned Malaysia into a newly industrialized nation. International trade plays an important role in its economy because Malaysia is one of the three countries that control the Straits of Malacca. At one time, Malaysia was a producer of tin, rubber and palm oil in the world. The manufacturing industry has a huge influence on the country's economy. Malaysia is also seen as one of the 18 largest biodiverse countries in the world. Malays make up the largest part of Malaysia's population. There are also sizable Malaysian Chinese ("race") ethnicities and Malaysian Indians. Malay and Islam are the official languages and religions of the country respectively. Malaysia is a pioneer member of ASEAN and participates in various international organizations, such as the United Nations. As a former British colony, Malaysia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Malaysia is also a member of the D-8 (Developing-8), which is an agreement for the development cooperation of eight of its member countries: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Egypt, Nigeria, Pakistan and Turkey.