A meteor is an appearance of the path of a meteoroid falling into the Earth's atmosphere, commonly referred to as a shooting star. The appearance is caused by the heat generated by the ram pressure (not by friction, as was previously thought) when the meteoroid enters the atmosphere. A very bright meteor, brighter than the appearance of Planet Venus, can be called a bolide.
If a meteoroid does not burn up completely on its way through the atmosphere and reaches the Earth's surface, the resulting object is called a meteorite. Meteors hitting the earth or other objects can form impact craters.
(UK) Astronomers spot meteor streaking across central Ontario sky - CBC News March 7, 2008
(UK) Meteoroids Page Archived 2015-12-07 at the Wayback Machine. at NASA's Solar System Exploration
(English) International Meteor Organization fireball page
(English) British Astronomical Society fireball page
(English) A Goddard Space Flight Center Science Question of the Week where the answer mentions that a fireball will cast a shadow. Archived 2010-04-28 on the Wayback Machine.
(English) Meteor Showers and Viewing Tips
(UK) Meteor shower predictions
(UK) Society for Popular Astronomy - Meteor Section Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine.
(English) Video - Meteor brilliantly lights up sky - and breaks into pieces - Canada - Times Online - November 24, 2008
(English) How meteor showers were linked to comets
(English) Science and History of the Perseid Meteor Shower
(English) -A History of Meteors and Other Atmospheric Phenomena