Enter New York

Article

July 5, 2022

New York City (English: New York City) is the most populous city in the United States, and the center of the New York metropolitan area which is one of the most densely populated metropolitan areas in the world. A leading global city, New York is a major influence on the world's commerce, finance, media, culture, arts, fashion, research, research and entertainment. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, the city is also an important center of international relations. The city is often called New York City (NYC for short) or the City of New York to distinguish it from the state of New York, where the city is located. Located in a large natural harbor on the Atlantic coast of the Northeastern United States, the city is made up of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. In 2009, the city's population was estimated at 8.4 million, and with a land area of ​​305 square miles (790 km2), New York City is the most densely populated large city in the United States. The population of the New York metropolitan area is also the largest in the United States with approximately 19.1 million people occupying an area of ​​6,720 square miles (17,400 km2). In addition, the Combined Statistical Area, which covers the greater New York metropolitan area, contained 22.2 million people at the 2009 census count, which is also the largest number in the United States. New York was founded as a commercial trading post by the Dutch in 1624. The settlement was named "New Amsterdam" until 1664 when the colony came under British rule. New York served as the capital city of the United States from 1785 to 1790. New York has been the largest city in the country since 1790. Over 800 languages ​​are spoken in New York City, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. This city is known abroad. The Statue of Liberty welcomed millions of immigrants when they came to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Times Square, nicknamed "The Crossroads of the World", is the hub of the light-filled Broadway theater district, one of the world's busiest pedestrian crossings, and a center for the world's major entertainment industry. Complemented by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, New York City competes with London as the world's financial capital and is home to the New York Stock Exchange, the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of companies listed there. Manhattan's original Chinatown draws many tourists to its busy suburbs and shops. World-class schools and universities such as Columbia University and New York University are also located in New York City.

History

The area was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans when it was discovered by Europeans in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian explorer working for the French empire, who named it "Nouvelle Angoulême" (New Angoulême). European settlement began with the establishment of the Dutch fur trading settlement later named "Nieuw Amsterdam" (New Amsterdam), at the southern tip of Manhattan in 1614. Dutch colonial director general Peter Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from the Lenape tribe in 1626 for 60 guilders (about $1000 in 2006); a dubious legend says Manhattan was purchased for $24 in glass beads. In 1664, the city surrendered to the British and was renamed "New York" after the Duke of England for York and Albany. At the end of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch gained control of Run (an even more valuable asset) in exchange for British control of New Amsterdam (New York) in North America. Several tribal wars among Native Americans and epidemics brought about by Europeans resulted in a decline in the Lenape population between 1660 and 1670. By 1700, the Lenape population had fallen to 200. In 1702, the city was lost