August 12, 2022
The Olympics (French: les Jeux olympiques, JO) is a four-year international sporting event that competes in summer and winter sports and is attended by thousands of athletes competing in various sporting events. The Olympics is the largest and most prominent sporting competition in the world, with more than 200 countries participating. Initially, the Olympics only took place in ancient Greece until finally in 393 AD the ancient Olympics were stopped by the Roman Emperor, Theodosius. The Olympics were then revived by a French nobleman named Pierre Frèdy Baron de Coubertin in 1896. At the 1894 congress held in Paris, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was founded and the Greek capital, Athens was chosen to host the first modern Olympics in 1896. Furthermore, since 1896 until now, every four years the Summer Olympics have always been held except for the years during World War II. Special edition for winter sports; The Winter Olympics, began to be held in 1924. Initially the Winter Olympics were held in the same year as the Summer Olympics, but since 1994 the Winter Olympics have been held every four years, with an interval of two years from the Summer Olympics. The evolution of the IOC during the 20th and 21st centuries has led to several changes to the organization of the Olympics. Several adjustments were made, including the creation of the Winter Olympics for ice and snow sports, the Paralympics for athletes with disabilities and the Youth Olympics for youth athletes. In its development, the Olympics have faced various challenges, such as boycotts, drug use, bribery and terrorism. The Olympics are also a great opportunity for the host city and country to present themselves to the world. The Olympic Movement consists of the International Sports Federation (IF), National Olympic Committee (NOC), and the Olympic Organizing Committee (OCOG). As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for selecting the host city for each Games, as well as organizing and funding the Games in accordance with the Olympic Charter. The IOC also determines the Olympic program, which consists of the sports that will be competed at the Olympics. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. More than 13,000 athletes compete in the Summer and Winter Olympics in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The first, second, and third winners in each of the games received Olympic medals: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively. In Indonesia, the Olympics that are often known and regularly followed are the Summer Olympics. Indonesia itself first participated in the 1952 Helsinki Olympics in Finland, and never missed participating in the following years, except in 1964 and 1980.