December 6, 2021
The United Nations abbreviated as PBB (English: United Nations, abbreviated as UN) is an international organization founded on October 24, 1945 to promote international cooperation. It was the successor to the League of Nations and was established after World War II to prevent similar conflicts from occurring. At the time of its founding, the United Nations had 51 member states; there are currently 193 members. In addition to member states, several international organizations, and inter-state organizations have a place as permanent observers who have offices at UN Headquarters, and some are only observers. Palestine and the Vatican are non-member states and include permanent observers (the Holy See has a permanent representative at the United Nations, while Palestine has a permanent office at the United Nations). extraterritoriality rights. Other main offices are located in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna. The organization is funded by appraised, voluntary contributions from its member countries. The main objectives of the United Nations are: Maintaining world peace and security Promote and encourage brotherly relations between nations through respect for human rights Fostering international cooperation in economic, social, cultural and environmental development To become the center of synchronization of all joint actions against countries that endanger world peace Provide humanitarian assistance in the event of famine, natural disasters, and armed conflict. During World War II, United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated talks about a successor agency to the League of Nations with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aboard the battleship Augusta in the Bay of Newfoundland. The United Nations Charter was drawn up at a conference in April-June 1945. This Charter entered into force on October 24, 1945, and so the United Nations began operating. The first General Assembly – attended by representatives from 51 countries – just took place on January 10, 1946 (at Church House, London). The UN mission to maintain world peace was initially quite difficult to achieve due to the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United Nations participated in military operations in the Korean War and United Nations Operations in the Congo, and approved the establishment of the state of Israel in 1947. The organization's membership grew rapidly after the decolonization period in the 1960s, and in the 1970s budgets for development programs economically, and socially far exceeds the budget for peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the United Nations launched military and peacekeeping missions in various parts of the world with mixed results. The United Nations won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001, and several officers and bodies have also won the prize. However, there are differences of opinion regarding the effectiveness of the UN. Some commentators believe the organization plays an important role in maintaining peace, and promoting human development, while others feel the organization is ineffective, corrupt, or biased.