Pancasila

Article

July 5, 2022

Pancasila is the ideological pillar of the Indonesian state. The name consists of two words from Sanskrit: "pañca" meaning five and "śīla" meaning principle or principle. Pancasila is the formulation and guideline for the life of the nation and state for all Indonesian people. The five main ideologies that make up Pancasila are the five precepts of Pancasila. The main ideology is stated in the fourth paragraph of the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution: Belief in the one and only God Just and civilized humanity the unity of Indonesia Democracy led by wisdom in deliberation/representation, and Social justice for all Indonesian people Despite changes in the content and order of the five precepts of Pancasila which took place in several stages during the formulation of Pancasila in 1945, June 1 is jointly commemorated as the birthday of Pancasila.

The history of the formulation and birth of Pancasila

On March 1, 1945, the Investigative Agency for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence was formed, chaired by Dr. Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung (K.R.T.) Radjiman Wedyodiningrat. In his opening speech, Dr. Radjiman asked the members of the assembly what was the basis of the Indonesian state that we were going to form. In an effort to formulate Pancasila as the official state foundation, there were personal proposals put forward in the Investigative Agency for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence. Muhammad Yamin formulated the Five Principles during a speech on May 29, 1945. The formulations included: nationality, humanity, divinity, democracy, and people's welfare. He said that the five precepts that were formulated were rooted in history, civilization, religion, and constitutional life that had long developed in Indonesia. However, Mohammad Hatta, in his memoirs, doubted Yamin's speech. Soekarno's Pancasila was put forward on June 1, 1945 in his spontaneous speech which became known as the Birth of Pancasila. Soekarno put forward the basic idea of ​​​​his country, which he named "Pancasila". These ideas include: Indonesian nationality or nationalism, humanity or internationalism, consensus or democracy, social welfare, and a cultural divinity. The name "Pancasila" was uttered by Soekarno in his speech on June 1, he said: Now the many principles: nationalism, internationalism, consensus, welfare, and divinity, five in number. Its name is not Panca Dharma, but I named it with the advice of a friend of ours who is a linguist – his name is Pancasila. Sila means principle or basis, and on these five principles we establish the state of Indonesia, eternal and eternal. Before the first session ended, a small committee was formed to reformulate Pancasila as the basis of the State based on a speech made by Soekarno on June 1, 1945, and to make this document the text for proclaiming an independent Indonesia. From the small committee, nine people, known as the Committee of Nine, were chosen to carry out this task. Their plan was approved on June 22, 1945, which was later named the Jakarta Charter. After the formulation of Pancasila was officially accepted as the basis of the state, some of the stipulation documents were: First Formula: Jakarta Charter – dated June 22, 1945 Second Formula: Preamble to the 1945 Constitution -- 18 August 1945 Third Formula: Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of Indonesia – December 27, 1949 Fourth Formula: Preamble to the Provisional Constitution – August 15, 1950 Fifth Formulation: The First Formulation animates the Second Formulation and is a series of units with the Constitution (referring to the Presidential Decree 5 July 1959).On June 1, 2016, President Joko Widodo signed Presidential Decree (Keppres) No. 24 of 2016 concerning the Birthday of Pancasila as well as stipulating it as Ha