Pandemic Covid-19

Article

October 28, 2021

The Covid-19 pandemic is an event that spreads the 2019 Corona Virus Disease (English: Coronavirus disease 2019, abbreviated as Covid-19) throughout the world for all countries. This disease is caused by a new type of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. The Covid-19 outbreak was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei, China on December 31, 2019, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. As of November 14, 2020, more than 53,281,350 cases have been confirmed. reported in more than 219 countries and territories worldwide, resulting in more than 1,301,021 people dying and more than 34,394,214 people recovering. The SARS-CoV-2 virus is thought to spread between people mainly through respiratory droplets produced during coughing. These sparks can also be generated from sneezing and normal breathing. In addition, the virus can be spread by touching a contaminated surface and then touching someone's face. Covid-19 is most contagious when the person who has it has symptoms, although it's possible to spread it before symptoms appear. The time period between exposure to the virus and the appearance of symptoms is usually about five days, but can range from two to fourteen days. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Complications can include pneumonia and severe acute respiratory illness. There is no specific vaccine or antiviral treatment for this disease. The primary treatment given is symptomatic and supportive therapy. The recommended preventive measures include washing hands, covering the mouth when coughing, keeping a distance from others, as well as monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. , event delays and cancellations, and facility closures. These efforts include the quarantine of Hubei, national quarantines in Italy and elsewhere in Europe, as well as the imposition of curfews in China and South Korea, various national border closures or restrictions on incoming passengers, screening at airports and train stations, and travel information on areas with local transmission. Schools and universities have closed either nationally or locally in more than 124 countries and affected more than 1.2 billion students. panic buying. Misinformation and conspiracy theories about the virus have spread online, and there have been incidents of xenophobia and racism against Chinese and other East Asian or Southeast Asian people.

Epidemiology

The first suspected case was reported on December 31, 2019. Initial symptoms started appearing three weeks earlier on December 8, 2019. The market was closed on January 1, 2020 and people experiencing similar symptoms were quarantined. Approximately 700 people who came into contact with suspected sufferers, including +400 hospital workers, are undergoing quarantine. As special PCR testing to detect infections developed, 41 people in Wuhan were found to have the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, two of them husband and wife, one of whom had never been to the market, and three of them were members of a family who worked in a fish shop. . The death toll began to fall on January 9 and January 16, 2020. Confirmed cases outside mainland China include 3 women and 1 man in Thailand, two men in Hong Kong, two men in Vietnam, one man in Japan, one woman in South Korea, one man in Singapore, one woman in Taiwan and one man in the United States. These figures are supported by experts such as Michael Osterholm. On 17 January, a group of Imperial College London in England published an estimate that there were 1.72

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