Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia


October 28, 2021

The Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia is part of the ongoing 2019 coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic around the world. The disease is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first positive case of Covid-19 in Indonesia was detected on March 2, 2020, when two people were confirmed to have contracted it from a Japanese citizen. On April 9, the pandemic had spread to 34 provinces with DKI Jakarta, West Java and Central Java as the provinces most exposed to SARS-CoV-2 in Indonesia. As of October 27, 2021, Indonesia has reported 4,241,809 positive cases, ranking first in Southeast Asia. In terms of mortality, Indonesia ranks third in Asia with 143,299 deaths. However, the death rate is estimated to be much higher than the data reported because there are no cases of death with acute Covid-19 symptoms that have not been confirmed or tested. Meanwhile, it was announced 4,085,775 people had recovered, leaving 12,735 cases being treated. The Indonesian government has tested 30,627,749 people out of a total of 269 million population, which means only around 113,603 people per one million population. In response to the pandemic, several regions have imposed large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) in 2020. This policy was replaced with the implementation of restrictions on community activities (PPKM) in 2021. On January 13, 2021, President Joko Widodo received the Covid-19 vaccine at the State Palace, as well as marking the start of the Covid-19 vaccination program in Indonesia.

Statistical data


The positive case that was first confirmed in March is not the first Indonesian to be infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In January, an Indonesian domestic helper in Singapore contracted the virus from her employer. The first death from Covid-19 in Indonesia occurred on March 11, 2020. However, a Telkom employee died on March 3 and only tested positive for Covid-19 on March 15. March, at the same time infecting his wife and children.



The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia divides people suspected of Covid-19 into several levels of status. Since July 13, 2020, the government will no longer use ODP, PDP, and OTG to classify patients who have the potential or are infected with Covid-19. A number of new terms, namely suspected cases, probable cases, confirmed cases, and close contacts, were introduced based on the Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number HK.01.07/MENKES/413/2020 concerning Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Covid-19.


On 27 May 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs set four epidemiological parameters in an area based on the level of spread of Covid-19 infection in the area, namely (1) the number of positive cases for at least 14 days, (2) the number of ODP/PDP for at least 14 days, (3) the number of deaths buried with the Covid-19 protocol for at least 14 days, and (4) direct transmission to health workers. The four parameters are assessed and added up until an area is grouped into a green zone (safe), yellow zone (moderate transmission), and red zone (high transmission). Domestically, the criteria for regional zoning are set up to the level of neighborhood units (RT). There are four zone categories and their respective control scenarios.


Cases by province

Jakarta became the first province to report a case, while the last province was Gorontalo on April 9, 2020. On July 6, 2020, Jambi became the last province to report a death, 53 days after East Nusa Tenggara. Jakarta broke the record for the most cases in a day with 9,271 cases. The island of Java is currently the epicenter because it has more cases than the island of Indonesia

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