Pope John Paul II

Article

May 17, 2022

Saint Pope John Paul II (18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005), real name Karol Józef Wojtyła, was Pope, Bishop of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church from 16 October 1978 until his death. He was elected pope at the age of 58 through the Papal Conclave of October 1978, held after Pope John Paul I, who was elected to the August conclave, died 33 days later. He was elected on the third day of the conclave and chose a papal name like his predecessors in his honor. He was the first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI, who served briefly between 1522-1523. Pope John Paul II during his pontificate fought communism, unrestrained capitalism and political oppression. It significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He also upheld the Church's teachings on matters such as the right to life, birth control, priestly ordination, and celibate priests, as well as firmly against abortion and defended the Roman Catholic Church's more traditional approach to human sexuality. Although he supported the reforms of the Church that took place after the Second Vatican Council, he was considered a conservative in his pontificate according to many. Pope John Paul II has visited 129 countries, including Indonesia, during his time as pope and is the most visited world leader in the world. history. In 1989, he visited Indonesia. The cities he visited were Jakarta, Medan (North Sumatra), Yogyakarta (Central Java and DIY) and Dili (East Timor). After visiting Indonesia, his comments were: "There is no country so tolerant as Indonesia on earth." [sic] He speaks Italian, French, German, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Ukrainian, Russian, Croatian, Esperanto, Ancient Greek and Latin in addition to his mother tongue, Polish. As part of his universal vocation, he has beatified 1,340 people and canonized 483 saints, more than his predecessors beatification and canonization combined over the past five centuries. Pope John Paul II had the third longest term in history , after Pope Pius IX and St. Peter. He died on April 2, 2005, and was interred in the cemetery beneath St. Peter's Basilica. On December 19, 2009, John Paul II was granted the title of venerabilis from his successor Pope Benedict XVI. She was beatified on May 1, 2011, after the Congregation for the Causes of the Conferring of the Titles of Saints confirmed the first miracle that occurred through her prayers, namely the recovery of a French nun named Marie Simon Pierre from Parkinson's disease. The second miracle was approved on July 2, 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later. Pope John Paul II was canonized on 27 April 2014 along with Pope John XXIII. On September 11, 2014, Pope Francis added the facultative memorials for the two popes to the Roman Church Calendar of Saints. Especially for Pope John Paul II, the day of his celebration as a saint on October 22 is not based on the day of his death but on the day of his inauguration as pope. After his death, many Catholics referred to him as "Saint John Paul the Great", although the title was not officially recognized, as were other popes who were nicknamed "the Great".

Biography

Birth and youth

Karol Józef Wojtyła (pronounced: voi-TI-wa; IPA: /ˈkarɔl ˈjuzef vɔjˈtɨwa/) was born on May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, southern Poland, as the third child of officers in the Austro-Hungarian Army, also named Karol Wojtyła and Emilia Kaczorowska, who is of Lithuanian descent. His mother died on April 13, 1929, when he was eight years old. Sis