Hong Kong Chief Executive Election 2022

Article

May 22, 2022

The 2022 Hong Kong Chief Executive Election will be held on 8 May 2022 for the 6th term of the Chief Executive (CE), the highest post of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Incumbent Carrie Lam, who was elected in 2017, will finish her term on June 30, 2022 after announcing that she will not be running for a second term due to family reasons. Former Chief Secretary John Lee is the only candidate approved by China's central government in the election and the only candidate to be nominated. He was elected with 1,416 electoral votes (99.44% of the vote). Background

Advocacy for universal suffrage

The Hong Kong government's highest office, the Chief Executive, is elected by the Election Committee (EC) which is dominated by pro-Beijing politicians and tycoons. Since the provision of Article 45 of the Hong Kong Constitution which requires "the election of the Chief Executive by universal suffrage over nominations by a broadly representative nominating committee in accordance with democratic procedures" has not been implemented, progress towards universal suffrage has become a dominant issue in Hong Kong politics. since the transfer of sovereignty in 1997.

Changes in the political landscape

Carrie Lam, then Principal Secretary, served as Chief Executive in 2017. His tenure was marred by controversy and unpopular policies, including the scandal of his cabinet ministers. In 2019, the government's push to amend the extradition bill sparked massive anti-government protests calling for the bill's withdrawal, which later developed into pro-democracy protests. The government partially recognized and suspended the bill after violent clashes, which failed to help cheer the protesters. A year later, the Hong Kong National Security Act was unilaterally enacted by the central government of the People's Republic to quell protests, followed by the imprisonment of prominent pro-democracy activists (also resulting in the dissolution of most pro-democracy political parties and organizations) and changing the electoral system. The changes allow only government-appointed “patriots” to rule the city, and allocate 40 legislative seats to the Election Committee (which also elects the Chief Executive), which is dominated by pro-Beijing members following the 2021 Hong Kong Electoral Committee Subsector elections. Number of seats elected directly reduced from 35 to 20. A new vetting mechanism will also be created to examine any candidate running for Chief Executive, Legislative Council and Electoral Committee based on the approval of the Hong Kong National Security Protection Committee under review by the Hong Kong Police Department of National Security (HKPF) whose decision is final and cannot be appealed. Local organizations deemed pro-Beijing can also nominate candidates to the Election Committee. Ex-officio seats were also increased while directly selected seats were reduced. Prior to the changes, the pro-democracy camp hoped to win a majority in the legislative elections. This election will be the first after major changes to the political landscape in Hong Kong. Pre-nominated event This year's election was unusually quiet compared to previous elections with no heavyweights declaring to enter the race before the nomination period began. The Chinese government has reportedly asked Hong Kong authorities to postpone election procedures to January 2022. Amid the fifth wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Hong Kong and following orders from Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, to prioritize controlling the pandemic, the Hong Kong Government submitted the Emergency Regulations Act on February 18, 2022 to postpone . Election of Chief Executive from 27 March 2022 to 8 May 2022, although Chief Executive Carrie La