July 5, 2022

An airplane (English: Airplane) is an aircraft that is heavier than air, has fixed wings, and can fly on its own. In general, the term airplane is often also referred to as an airplane, airplane or plane, with the same definition as a vehicle capable of flying in the atmosphere or air. But in the world of aviation, the term airplane is different from airplanes, the term airplane has a much broader meaning because it includes airplanes and helicopters.


Anthony Fokker (1890-1939) otherwise known as Tony, was born in Garut, West Java, in April 1890. When he was 20 years old, Tony built his first airplane, named "Spin". The plane was the first aircraft made in the Netherlands. In 1912, Tony founded the aircraft company Fokker Aeroplanbau in Berlin, which was later moved to Schwerin, Germany.


Abbas bin Firnas or Abbas Ibn Firnas was the inventor of the first aviation engine, a thousand years before the motorized airplane was invented. Abbas Ibn Firnas was born in 810 in Izn-Rand-Onda in Andalusia, which is now Ronda in Spain. In its time, Andalusia was a center of learning for engineers, architects and scientists. Cordova (or Cordoba) and Baghdad are the twin cultural centers of Islamic art and science. He spent most of his adult life in the Emirate of Cordoba, one of the main centers of learning in the era of the Umayyad Caliphate. Abbas Ibn Firnas was of Berber descent. The root of his name is Afernas which is now a common name and is widespread in Morocco and Algeria. He died between the years 890-895 AD. Historians say that Abbas Ibn Firnas' injury while trying to fly may have contributed to his death. Some historical records show Abbas Ibn Firnas was influenced by Armen Firman, who was neither a scientist nor a polymath but an astute observer of nature. It was Firman who first made wings from wooden planks wrapped in silk and bird feathers. In the early 850s, Firman climbed to the top of the minaret of the tallest mosque in Qurtuba and leapt on his wings. Although his attempt failed and he fell to the ground, the glyph inflated just in time and slowed his descent. He was lucky enough not to break a bone and delaying his landing proved to be lifesaving. Abbas Ibn Firnas witnessed Firman's experiment by standing in the crowd looking up at the sky The Wright Brothers were indeed the inventors of the first airplane, but Abbas Ibn Firnas who lived in the 8th century is credited with being the first human to fly with the help of a bamboo frame, a pair of wings made of silk, wood, and natural feathers. Abbas bin Firnas was the first aviator to fly with heavier engines, because the first flying experiments were carried out by two Chinese philosophers namely Mozi and Lu Ban in the 5th century but with objects. They are called the inventor of the kite. According to historians quoted by TRT World, when Abbas Ibn Firnas was between 65-70 years old, he jumped from the cliffs of the Jabal Al-Arus mountain in Yemen. Abbas Ibn Firnas slid into the sky and flew for at least 10 minutes, then fell and was injured. He then realized his mistake was not calculating the landing mechanism, so he couldn't balance his flight and landed forcibly. During the next 12 years of the remainder of his life, Abbas Ibn Firnas discovered that landing was carried out with the coordination of the tail and wings. He also studied how birds fly and land. Abbas Ibn Firnas claims to be the mastermind behind the theory of the creation of the ornithopter, an airplane that imitates birds and flies by flapping its wings. His flying machine design later became the basis of aeronautical engineering in the late 20th century. This heavier-than-air aircraft was flown for the first time by the Wright Brothers (Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright) using their own design aircraft called the Flyer.