November 28, 2021

Incumbent (English: incumbent), derived from the word "tahana", which means position, greatness, or glory, in politics, is a term for the holder of a political office who is in office. This term is usually used in relation to elections, where there is often competition between incumbent and non-incumbent candidates. For example, in the 2009 Indonesian Presidential Election, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was the incumbent, because he was the incumbent president at the time of the general election for the next presidential election. In open-seat competition (where the incumbent is not running), the term "incumbent" is sometimes used to refer to the candidate from the party who is still in power.


This word was first introduced by Solomon Simanungkalit on February 6, 2009 as an equivalent word in the context of the 2009 Indonesian presidential election. the need for the word "incumbent" in the context of the presidential election. However, Solomon Simanungkalit also predicted in the same article about the possibility of the emergence of the word "inkamben" as a transcription of the term in English, so that before that happened, he tried to find and popularize its equivalent in Indonesian, instead of transliterating it. Since then, the majority of newspapers have used the term "incumbent" as the equivalent of the English term "incumbent".


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