November 28, 2021
France (French: France), officially the French Republic (French: République française, French pronunciation: [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and also includes islands and overseas territories. located on another continent. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. The French often refer to Metropolitan France as "L'Hexagone" ("Hexagon") because of the geometric shape of the territory. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic. Its main ideology is enshrined in the Declaration of the Rights of Human and Citizen and Hardline Secular France borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. Because it has an overseas department, France also shares land borders with Brazil and Suriname (bordering French Guiana), and Sint Maarten (bordering Saint-Martin). France is also connected to the United Kingdom by the Channel Tunnel, which runs under the English Channel. France has been one of the world's greatest powers since the mid-17th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, France created one of the largest colonial empires of the time, stretching across West Africa and Southeast Asia, influencing the culture and politics of the region. France is a developed country, with the world's sixth-largest (nominal GDP) or eighth-largest (PPP) economy. It is the most visited country in the world, receiving 82 million foreign tourists per year (including business travelers, but excluding people staying less than 24 hours in France). France is one of the founding states of the European Union, and has the largest territory of all the members. France is also a founding member of the United Nations, and a member of the Francophonie, G8, NATO, and Latin Union. It is one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, also a major nuclear power with 360 active warheads and 59 nuclear power plants.