president of Indonesia
The President of the Republic of Indonesia, generally abbreviated as President, is the position of the head of state as well as the head of government of Indonesia. As head of state, the President is one of the official symbols of Indonesia's national identity in the eyes of the world. While as head of government, the President, who is assisted by the Vice President and ministers in the cabinet, holds executive power to carry out the day-to-day administration of government.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia is the head of government as well as the head of state in Indonesia. The President also exercises limited legislative functions (along with the House of Representatives) in the Indonesian government. The President is the supreme commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI).
The President (and the Vice President) are directly elected by the people in a general election held by the relevant body, and serve for 5 years, and thereafter may be re-elected in the same office for one term of office. Prior to the amendment to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (UUD 1945), the President and Vice President were elected by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) for a period of 5 years and after that they could be re-elected (without limits).
The President and Vice President of Indonesia as an Indonesian presidential institution were drafted through the 1945 Constitution which was discussed by the Investigative Agency for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) in several sessions. On August 18, 1945, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) which was the successor body of BPUPKI enacted the 1945 Constitution, thereby ratifying the presidential institution in Indonesia, and electing Sukarno as the first president of Indonesia.
Since August 18, 1945 until now, there are seven people who have served as President of the Republic of Indonesia. The incumbent is Joko Widodo.
Authority, obligation, and position
The powers, obligations and positions of the President based on the 1945 Constitution include:
Holding the power of government according to the Constitution.
Holds supreme power over the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
Submitting a draft law to the House of Representatives (DPR). The President discusses and approves the bill with the DPR and ratifies the bill into law.
To stipulate a Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (in compelling urgency).
Establish Government Regulations.
Appoint and dismiss ministers.
Declare war, make peace and treaties with other countries with the approval of the DPR.
Make other international agreements with the approval of the DPR.
Declare a state of danger.
Appoint ambassadors and consuls. In appointing ambassadors, the President takes into account the considerations of the DPR.
Accepting the placement of ambassadors from other countries by taking into account the considerations of the DPR.
Granting clemency and rehabilitation by taking into account the considerations of the Supreme Court.
Granting remission, amnesty and abolition by taking into account the considerations of the DPR.
Giving titles, service marks, and other honors as regulated by law.
Inaugurate the members of the Supreme Audit Agency who are elected by the DPR taking into account the considerations of the Regional Representatives Council.
To determine the Supreme Court judges from the candidates proposed by the Judicial Commission and approved by the DPR.
To appoint constitutional judges from candidates proposed by the President, DPR, and the Supreme Court.
Appoint and dismiss members of the Judicial Commission with the approval of the DPR.
Terms of candidacy
The requirements for the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia according to Law No. 42 of 2008 concerning the General Election of the President and Vice President are as follows:
Fear God Almighty.
Indonesian citizen since birth and has never received another citizenship of his own free will.
Never betrayed the state, and never committed a crime of corruption and other serious crimes.