President of Greece
The President of Greece, officially the President of the Greek Republic (Greek: Ελληνικής , Próedros tis Ellinikís Dimokratías), is the head of state of Greece. The President is elected by the Greek Parliament and has a ceremonial role since the amendment of the constitution in 1986. The office of the Presidency was established under the Greek Constitution in 1975, but the office existed during the Second Greek Republic (1924–1935) and the Greek Military Junta Government (1973–1935). 1974) before the transition to the current Third Greek Republic. The current president is Katerina Sakellaropoulou.
The President of Greece is the Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Armed Forces who ranks first in the Greek order of place. Although the 1974 Greek Constitution grants considerable powers to the President, in practice the President only carries out a ceremonial role and the Prime Minister of Greece runs the government as head of government. The role of the president was formally adapted based on the 1986 amendments to the Greek Constitution which reduced some of his official roles.
Under Article 32 of the Greek Constitution, the president is elected for a five-year term by the Greek Parliament in a special session at least one month before the incumbent's term ends. Voting is divided into two stages, each stage having a maximum of three ballots, and separately elected within no more than five days. In the first and second ballots a two-thirds majority (200 votes) of the 300 members of parliament is required, and the most votes decreased to 180 votes on the third ballot. The fourth ballot required a majority of 151 votes. The fifth and sixth ballots are then seen from the candidate who has the most votes from the candidates who took part in the election.
Oath of office
Before taking office, the president must take the oath of office before Parliament according to Article 33 Paragraph 2 of the Greek Constitution. The following is a free translation of the contents of the oath of office:
"I swear on behalf of the Most Holy, One Consequential and Indivisible Trinity to protect the Constitution and its laws and regulations, to ensure their faithful observance, to defend the national independence and territorial integrity of the State, to protect the rights and freedoms of the Greek People, and to serve the public interest and the advancement of the Greek People."
The official residence of the President of Greece is the Presidential Palace, formerly known as the New Royal Palace, which is located in Athens.
The present Third Greek Republic (Greek: Ελληνική ) was formed in 1974 during a period of metapolitification, following the end of the Greek Military Junta's rule in Greece since the coup on 21 April 1967.
On June 1, 1973, the leader of the military junta and regent of then-exiled King Constantine II, Georgios Papadopoulos, abolished the Greek monarchy and proclaimed himself President of the Republic. A referendum was held in stages on 29 July 1973 and confirmed the change of regime, and passed a new constitution creating a presidential republic. This controlled democratization effort was ended with the overthrow of Papadopoulos from the presidency by Brigadier Dimitrios Ioannidis on November 25, 1973. The republic and other state institutions were officially retained, but these were only used as an outward appearance by the military regime. Lieutenant General Phaedon Gizikis was later appointed President of the Republic, but power remained with Brigadier Ioannidis, who ruled behind the scenes.
After the collapse of the military junta and the return of civilian rule under Konstantinos Karamanlis in August