Indigenous

Article

December 7, 2021

Indigenous people (also called natives or natives) are people who are descendants of the initial inhabitants of a place, and have built their culture in that place with indigenous status as an ethnic group that is not an immigrant from other areas. Examples of indigenous peoples include: Indians in the United States, Maori in New Zealand, Aboriginal people in Australia, and Ainu in Japan. Indigenous peoples are autochthonous (attached to a place), while a collection of overseas people from certain ethnic groups—who have long left their ancestral lands—is called diaspora, for example the Chinese in Indonesia, the Javanese in Suriname, the Japanese in America, and the Jews in Russia.In some countries, indigenous groups are divided into several ethnic groups. For example, in China (China), there are dozens of ethnic groups; the largest is the Han (漢) ethnicity, which is a native of China with a percentage of 91.51% of the total population of China (since 2010). Although there are 56 registered ethnic groups recognized by the government, not all of them are indigenous Chinese; some minorities come from Russia, Korea, and Tajikistan. In Indonesia there are hundreds of ethnic groups that are not from outside the archipelago, called the Indigenous-Nusantara; The majority are Javanese with a total of around 95 million people or nearly 100 million people, followed by the Sundanese, Malays, Bataks and Madurese.

Natives in Indonesia

During the Dutch colonial period, "Indigenous" was used as a Malay term for the Inlanders, a group of residents of the Dutch East Indies who were the original tribes of the Archipelago Archipelago. For this reason, Indonesians of Chinese, Indian, Arab descent (all of which are included in one group, Vreemde Oosterlingen or "Foreign Easterners"), Europeans, and mixed (Indo people) are often grouped as "non-indigenous" even though they have been born for several generations. in Indonesia. This grouping in idea is not racist, because there can be displacement from one group to another, but in practice it becomes racist because of different placements in the public, differences in wages/salary, prohibition of using Dutch for certain groups, and so on. After the New Order, the Indonesian government instructed to stop the use of the term "indigenous and non-indigenous", and emphasized that every indigenous tribe in the archipelago was "indigenous".

See also

Culture Indonesian Citizens Bumiputera (Malaysia) Instruction of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Number 26 of 1998 concerning Stopping the Use of the Terms Indigenous and Non-Indigenous

Reference

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Reference

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